Lusignan

Lusignan

(lüzēnyäN`), French noble family. The name is derived from a castle in Poitou, built, according to legend, by MélusineMélusine
or Melusina
, in French legend, a fairy who changed into a serpent from the waist down every Saturday. She married a mortal, Count Raymond, said to be the ancestor of the house of Lusignan, and made him promise never to visit her on that day.
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. The family was powerful in the Middle Ages and ruled (13th–14th cent.) the county of Marche. One branch was prominent in the history of the Crusades. Guy of LusignanGuy of Lusignan
, d. 1194, Latin king of Jerusalem (1186–92) and Cyprus (1192–94), second husband of Sibylla, sister of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem. In 1183 he was briefly regent for his brother-in-law, who was incapacitated by leprosy, but Baldwin made Guy's
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 succeeded (1186) Baldwin V as king of Jerusalem; compelled (1192) to resign this title, he received the island of Cyprus from King Richard I of England. His brother, Amalric IIAmalric II
or Amaury II,
c.1155–1205, Latin king of Jerusalem (1197–1205) and Cyprus (1194–1205); brother and successor (in Cyprus) of Guy of Lusignan.
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, succeeded (1194) him as king of Cyprus and was also king of Jerusalem; his descendants continued to claim the kingship of Jerusalem. In 1342 a branch of their line ascended the throne of Lesser Armenia (Cilicia); in 1375 the last Lusignan king of Armenia was overthrown by the Mamluks, and the Lusignans of Cyprus added the empty title of king of Armenia to the equally empty one of king of Jerusalem. Cyprus flourished under Lusignan rule until about 1370, but then it declined and eventually became dependent on Venice and was obliged to pay tribute to Egypt. The royal capital, Nicosia, was long a center of French medieval culture. Famagusta, however, was ceded in the mid-1370s to Genoa as security for an indemnity in return for the release of the captive King Peter II. In the next century the Lusignan rulers of Cyprus had little power. The situation changed in 1460, however, when Queen Charlotte was expelled by the half-Greek illegitimate son of her late husband. The usurper became king as James II, recovered (1464) Famagusta, and married the Venetian heiress Caterina CornaroCornaro, Caterina
, 1454–1510, queen of Cyprus. A celebrated Venetian beauty, she was married in 1472 to James II of Cyprus, who was eager to secure Venetian support. James II died in 1473, and his infant son, James III, in 1474.
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. Their son, James III, died in 1474, and with him the Lusignan dynasty ended; in 1489 Venice took complete control of Cyprus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Initially built by Cyprus's Lusignan masters, the 14th-century citadel was fortified in 1492 to thwart potential invaders by the Venetians who had taken ownership of the island.
The imposing fortress was built by Lusignan conquerors in the 14th century.
Anderson explains the Machaut selection appearing on this program in his notes, pointing to an "oblique connection" Machaut had to the Lusignan court in Cyprus, predating the other music here by several generations.
A statement by the Regional government today said that the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Region Nechirvan Barzani received the Dutch Minister of Defense Lusignan Haines and her accompanying delegation.
She lives on in her two sisters, Joan Lusignan and Mildred Lachambre; seven children, Paul (Nancy) Paradis, David Paradis, Ann (James) Wilkinson, Leo (Gail) Paradis, Rita (Paul) Beauregard, Janet Paradis, and Lori (Mark) O'Connell; twenty-four grandchildren, Daniel and Jennifer Paradis, Joan Burkhardt, Julie Loomer, James Wilkinson, Jr.
Suzuki GB's Paul de Lusignan said: "We can now offer the scheme to all Suzuki owners at a subsidised cost of PS55 including fitment.
It is about a mermaid who marries a man of nobility, whose name in one variation is Lusignan (the French kings of Cyprus).
Following Guy's death in 1194, his brother Aimery de Lusignan was elected king, thus beginning over 250 years of French rule, which ended when Venetians assumed control of the island in 1489.
The Lusignan dynasty, which had its origins as feudal lords in Poitiers in France, travelled to the Holy Land and made their name there.
The St Sophia Cathedral (Selemiye Mosque), which was built in 1208-1326, during the Lusignan period, is one of the most important Gothic architectural structures to visit.
50 1 AMAURY DE LUSIGNAN J E Moore (8-1) 2 Surf And Turf R P McLernon (5-2 Fav) 3 Sawago N Fehily (3-1) 8 ran 8 5 G L Moore Brighton Tote: win pounds 9.
The 22 essays of this volume (six are in French) offer a new assessment of the remarkable 14th-century personality, a French noble who traveled widely, becoming chancellor of Cyprus for the Crusader king Peter I Lusignan.