Born Mar. 29, 1869, in London; died there Jan. 1, 1944. English architect.
From 1885 to 1887, Lutyens studied at the Royal College of Art in London. In 1938 he became the president of the London Academy of Arts. An eminent representative of the neoclassical trend in 20th-century English architecture, Lutyens revived the traditional country house by providing it with modern comforts (Deanery Garden, Sonning, 1901). He also was involved in city planning, drawing the plans for New Delhi (from 1912; now part of the city of Delhi). Lutyens created an imposing official style for administrative and office buildings (the Viceroy’s House, now the Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, 1913–30), churches, and monuments (the Cenotaph—in memory of the victims of World War I of 1914–18, London, 1919–20).