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, Ger. Luzern , canton (1993 pop. 331,800), 576 sq mi (1,492 sq km), central Switzerland. Drained by the Reuss and Kleine Emme rivers, Lucerne is mainly an agricultural and pastoral region, with orchards and large forested areas.
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a city in Switzerland, on the Lake of Luzern (Vier-waldstätter See); the administrative center of the canton of Luzern. Population, 75,100 (1970). An important transportation junction, Luzern is the site of enterprises of the textile, printing, and machine-building industries. It is also a climatic resort and a center of foreign tourism. There are architectural monuments from the 12th to 17th centuries in Luzern, and international music weeks have been held here since 1938.