Luzzatto, Moses Hayyim

Luzzatto, Moses Hayyim

(hä`yēm lo͞ot-tsät`tō), 1707–47, Hebrew playwright, poet, and mystic, a leader of the renaissance of Hebrew literature, b. Padua. At 15 he formed a group to study kabbalistic mysteries (see kabbalahkabbalah
or cabala
[Heb.,=reception], esoteric system of interpretation of the Scriptures based upon a tradition claimed to have been handed down orally from Abraham.
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) and at 17 he wrote Samson and Delilah, a drama in verse. He studied the mystic book Zohar closely and claimed divine revelation for his own works of mysticism, most of which did not survive rabbinic denunciation. He wrote of love with biblical lyricism in the Migdal 'Oz (1727). His finest work is the allegorical Glory to the Righteous (1743).