Lviv


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Lviv

(ləvē`o͞o, ləvēf`), Rus. Lvov, Pol. Lwów, Ger. Lemberg, city (1989 pop. 791,000), capital of Lviv region, W Ukraine, at the watershed of the Western Bug and Dniester rivers and in the northern foothills of the Carpathian Mts. The chief city of W Ukraine, Lviv is a major rail and highway junction and an industrial and commercial center. Machine building, food processing, and the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, motor vehicles, and textiles are the leading industries. Lviv is also an educational and cultural center, with a famous university (est. 1661) and several institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Landmarks include a 16th-century palace and two 14th-century cathedrals.

Founded c.1256 by Prince Daniel of Halych, the city was named for his son Lev and developed as a great commercial center on the trade route from Vienna to Kiev. It also served as an outpost against Tatar invasions. Lviv was captured by the Poles in the 1340s, the Turks in 1672, and the Swedes in 1704. During the first partition of Poland (1772) it passed to Austria, and became the capital of GaliciaGalicia
, Pol. Galicja, Ukr. Halychyna, Rus. Galitsiya, historic region (32,332 sq mi/83,740 sq km), SE Poland and W Ukraine, covering the slopes of the N Carpathians and plains to the north and bordering on Slovakia in the south.
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. Lviv was the chief center of the Ukrainian national movement in Galicia after 1848. The capital of the short-lived West Ukrainian Democratic Republic after World War I, the city was taken by Poland in 1919 and confirmed as Polish by the Soviet-Polish Treaty of Riga (1921). Lviv was annexed to Ukraine by the USSR in 1939. German forces held the city during much of World War II and exterminated the Jewish population; by the early 1990s the city's Jewish residents numbered about 17,000. In 1945, Poland formally ceded Lviv to the USSR, from which Ukraine declared its independence in 1991.

Lviv

an industrial city in W Ukraine: it has belonged to Poland (1340--1772; 1919--39), Austria (1772--1918), Germany (1939--45), and the Soviet Union (1945--91); Ukrainian cultural centre, with a university (1661). Pop.: 719 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Amar makes a convincing case for his argument that in Lviv (and by extension in much of the rest of Western Ukraine) Sovietization and Ukrainianization went hand in hand in the postwar decades of Soviet rule.
Local developer community in Lviv organizes different tech events in Lviv.
There was a palpable sense of despair and disbelief among Ukrainians enjoying jazz in Lviv as they watched Europe self-destruct once again.
Lviv, in the west of the country, also came under particular scrutiny last year and despite Andriy Sadovyi, the city's mayor, claiming everything remains on schedule, one look at the new Lviv Arena suggests otherwise.
Karpaty Lviv repelled this Dortmund attack but lost 3-0
Speaking at the European Union, Platini said construction in western Lviv "has made no progress whatsoever," while work on the showpiece stadium in Kiev had fallen behind schedule.
Its initial network will connect the capital Kiev with Lviv, Odessa and Simferopol, with an internal link between Lviv and Simferopol also being offered.
Direct Fly will also operate services between Bydgoszcz and Copenhagen, Denmark; from Lodz to Kiev and Lviv in Ukraine; and from Rzeszow to Lviv.
Such a change, however, is not surprising given that he was arrested by the Soviets in Lviv on April 10, 1945 along with the entire hierarchy of the Ukrainian
The Kovalyks live in Lviv (luh-VEEV), a grand old city in western Ukraine, near the border with Poland.
Kravchenko is also on the faculty of Lviv National University and president of Ecopravo-Lviv in Ukraine.
The Danish contractor Per Aarsleff A/S said on Monday (8 November) that it had entered into and commenced an DKK80m contract with the Ukrainian water supply company Vodokanal in Lviv, Ukraine.