Lviv

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Lviv

(ləvē`o͞o, ləvēf`), Rus. Lvov, Pol. Lwów, Ger. Lemberg, city (1989 pop. 791,000), capital of Lviv region, W Ukraine, at the watershed of the Western Bug and Dniester rivers and in the northern foothills of the Carpathian Mts. The chief city of W Ukraine, Lviv is a major rail and highway junction and an industrial and commercial center. Machine building, food processing, and the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, motor vehicles, and textiles are the leading industries. Lviv is also an educational and cultural center, with a famous university (est. 1661) and several institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Landmarks include a 16th-century palace and two 14th-century cathedrals.

Founded c.1256 by Prince Daniel of Halych, the city was named for his son Lev and developed as a great commercial center on the trade route from Vienna to Kiev. It also served as an outpost against Tatar invasions. Lviv was captured by the Poles in the 1340s, the Turks in 1672, and the Swedes in 1704. During the first partition of Poland (1772) it passed to Austria, and became the capital of GaliciaGalicia
, Pol. Galicja, Ukr. Halychyna, Rus. Galitsiya, historic region (32,332 sq mi/83,740 sq km), SE Poland and W Ukraine, covering the slopes of the N Carpathians and plains to the north and bordering on Slovakia in the south.
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. Lviv was the chief center of the Ukrainian national movement in Galicia after 1848. The capital of the short-lived West Ukrainian Democratic Republic after World War I, the city was taken by Poland in 1919 and confirmed as Polish by the Soviet-Polish Treaty of Riga (1921). Lviv was annexed to Ukraine by the USSR in 1939. German forces held the city during much of World War II and exterminated the Jewish population; by the early 1990s the city's Jewish residents numbered about 17,000. In 1945, Poland formally ceded Lviv to the USSR, from which Ukraine declared its independence in 1991.

Lviv

an industrial city in W Ukraine: it has belonged to Poland (1340--1772; 1919--39), Austria (1772--1918), Germany (1939--45), and the Soviet Union (1945--91); Ukrainian cultural centre, with a university (1661). Pop.: 719 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The lives of the microbiologists--Rudolf Weigl, a German zoologist, and Ludwig Fleck, a Jewish physician--intersected in Lwow, eastern Poland.
22) Leon Wells, a survivor of the Janowska transit camp near Lwow, Poland, has left behind valuable memoirs of his horrifying experiences and subsequent life-long spiritual struggle.
Svoboda's home base is in the area surrounding the western Ukrainian city of Lviv--known as Lvov in Russia, Lwow in Polish and Lemberg in German and Yiddish.
Parts of today's western Ukraine, including major cities Lwow, known as Lviv in Ukraine, used to be under Poland's territory before World War Two.
Dancing Before The Enemy: How a teenage boy fooled the Nazis and lived'' commemorates his lost family of cultured Jews from the eastern Polish city of Lwow, today the Ukrainian city of Lviv.
Austria seized the lands around Lwow and Krakow while Prussia claimed the territories to the north and west of Warsaw.
The second part will follow the account of Irene Gottdenker, the author's mother, who openly survived the Holocaust in the guise of a Pole of German descent and witnessed the destruction of the Jews in Lwow and Warsaw.
The poem "Nigdy od ciebie, miasto" ("Never from you, O City") outlines the important cities in the lives of Polish poets: Warsaw, Krakow, Lwow, and Wilno written in Berkeley 1963, appearing in the collection Gucio zaczarowany (Gucio the Enchanted) (1965): "Never from you, o city, could I ever depart .
Too "hot-tonsiled," new Lwow owl Wendel is, not to hoot?
At the beginning of the 1930's, a practical method for the estimation of a curve length was proposed by Hugo Dyonizy Steinhaus (1887-1972), a professor at the University in Lwow, later in Wroclaw.