Lviv

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Lviv

(ləvē`o͞o, ləvēf`), Rus. Lvov, Pol. Lwów, Ger. Lemberg, city (1989 pop. 791,000), capital of Lviv region, W Ukraine, at the watershed of the Western Bug and Dniester rivers and in the northern foothills of the Carpathian Mts. The chief city of W Ukraine, Lviv is a major rail and highway junction and an industrial and commercial center. Machine building, food processing, and the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, motor vehicles, and textiles are the leading industries. Lviv is also an educational and cultural center, with a famous university (est. 1661) and several institutes of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Landmarks include a 16th-century palace and two 14th-century cathedrals.

Founded c.1256 by Prince Daniel of Halych, the city was named for his son Lev and developed as a great commercial center on the trade route from Vienna to Kiev. It also served as an outpost against Tatar invasions. Lviv was captured by the Poles in the 1340s, the Turks in 1672, and the Swedes in 1704. During the first partition of Poland (1772) it passed to Austria, and became the capital of GaliciaGalicia
, Pol. Galicja, Ukr. Halychyna, Rus. Galitsiya, historic region (32,332 sq mi/83,740 sq km), SE Poland and W Ukraine, covering the slopes of the N Carpathians and plains to the north and bordering on Slovakia in the south.
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. Lviv was the chief center of the Ukrainian national movement in Galicia after 1848. The capital of the short-lived West Ukrainian Democratic Republic after World War I, the city was taken by Poland in 1919 and confirmed as Polish by the Soviet-Polish Treaty of Riga (1921). Lviv was annexed to Ukraine by the USSR in 1939. German forces held the city during much of World War II and exterminated the Jewish population; by the early 1990s the city's Jewish residents numbered about 17,000. In 1945, Poland formally ceded Lviv to the USSR, from which Ukraine declared its independence in 1991.

Lviv

an industrial city in W Ukraine: it has belonged to Poland (1340--1772; 1919--39), Austria (1772--1918), Germany (1939--45), and the Soviet Union (1945--91); Ukrainian cultural centre, with a university (1661). Pop.: 719 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After the Bolshevik revolution, Weigl returned to Lwow to produce vaccine by attenuating R.
Svoboda's home base is in the area surrounding the western Ukrainian city of Lviv--known as Lvov in Russia, Lwow in Polish and Lemberg in German and Yiddish.
He wanted to perform in Warsaw, Krakow, and Lwow, he wanted to see Paris and walk around the ancient streets of Rome, he wanted to drink wine on the Mediterranean and ride a camel in the Sahara and maybe take an ocean liner across the Atlantic, but in one horrible moment he realized none of it was going to happen.
Parts of today's western Ukraine, including major cities Lwow, known as Lviv in Ukraine, used to be under Poland's territory before World War Two.
Dancing Before The Enemy: How a teenage boy fooled the Nazis and lived'' commemorates his lost family of cultured Jews from the eastern Polish city of Lwow, today the Ukrainian city of Lviv.
Other dilemmas are introduced to the above context by elegies for the lost cities, filled with a longing for the cobblestones and bricks of Lviv and Vilnius (numerous other examples of these cities can be found in Polish literature, just to mention Czeslaw Milosz's Zaczynajqc od moich ulic [Beginning with My Streets], Jozef Wittlin's Moj Lwow [My Lviv], and many, many others).
Austria seized the lands around Lwow and Krakow while Prussia claimed the territories to the north and west of Warsaw.
The second part will follow the account of Irene Gottdenker, the author's mother, who openly survived the Holocaust in the guise of a Pole of German descent and witnessed the destruction of the Jews in Lwow and Warsaw.
The life of Zbigniew Herbert (1924-1998) was marked by the experience of Nazi occupation in Lwow, followed by the imposed Stalinist aesthetics of Socialist Realism.
Away at a summer session of the University of Lwow, Adam narrowly escaped their fate.