filariasis

(redirected from Lymphatic Filariasis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.

filariasis:

see elephantiasiselephantiasis
, abnormal enlargement of any part of the body due to obstruction of the lymphatic channels in the area (see lymphatic system), usually affecting the arms, legs, or external genitals.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Filariasis

 

any one of several helminthic diseases of man and animals caused by the roundworms filariae.

Filariases of man occur mainly in tropical countries; they do not occur in the USSR. The source of the infection which is transmitted by arthropods, such as Nematocera and Tabanidae, is an infected person or animal. The principal types of filariases in humans are wuchereriasis, Malayan filariasis, loaiasis, and onchocerciasis. Among the manifestations of infection are fever, skin rashes and ulcers, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, elephantiasis of the arms, legs, and scrotum, and affection of the eyes. Treatment consists of medications such as diethylcarbamazine, suramin sodium, and desensitizing preparations. Preventive measures include the elimination of the seats of infection through the control of the transmitters and protection against insect bites with heavy clothing and repellents.

Filariases of animals—horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and camels—occur in many countries and in southern regions of the USSR. The most common and dangerous ones are onchocerciasis, setariasis, and cutaneous filaroid infection.

filariasis

[‚fil·ə′rī·ə·səs]
(medicine)
A disease due to the presence of hairlike nematodes (filariae) in humans, including Wuchereria bancrofti, W. pacifica, and Onchocerca volvulus.
References in periodicals archive ?
A (1999) The role of Albendazole in programmes to eliminate lymphatic filariasis.
Transmission dynamics of diurnally subperiodic lymphatic filariasis transmitted by Ochlerotatus (Finlaya) niveus in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The impact of six rounds of single-dose mass administration of diethylcarbamazine or ivermectin on the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by Culex quinquefasciatus and its implications for lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes.
The coalition will top up and strengthen existing programs, working through partners that are well established in the field, and increase impact by using an integrated approach in areas where river blindness is prevalent alongside lymphatic filariasis, which requires a complementary drug treatment program.
The major offending organisms in lymphatic filariasis are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi or Brugia timori.
Epidemiological assessment of eight rounds of mass drug administration for lymphatic filariasis in India: Implications for monitoring and evaluation.
Particularly in the area of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis, preventative chemotherapy and the distribution of donated drugs that are free have been fantastic.
The commonest presentation is lymphatic filariasis which usually involves lower extremities, external genitalia, retroperitoneal tissue and axilla causing lymphedema, elephantiasis, hydrocele and Ram horn penis.
Campbell and Omura were cited for discovering avermectin, derivatives of which have helped lower the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, two diseases caused by parasitic worms that affect millions.
Lymphatic filariasis can lead to swelling of the limbs and genitals, called elephantiasis, and it is primarily a threat in Africa and Asia.
Irish-born Campbell and Japanese Omura won half of the prize for discovering a new drug, avermectin, that has helped the battle against river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, as well as showing effectiveness against other parasitic diseases.
Irish-born Campbell and Omura won half of the prize for discovering a new drug, avermectin, that has helped the battle against river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, as well as showing effectiveness against other parasitic diseases.