rule

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rule

1. the exercise of governmental authority or control
2. the period of time in which a monarch or government has power
3. a prescribed method or procedure for solving a mathematical problem, or one constituting part of a computer program, usually expressed in an appropriate formalism
4. any of various devices with a straight edge for guiding or measuring; ruler
5. Christianity a systematic body of prescriptions defining the way of life to be followed by members of a religious order
6. Law an order by a court or judge

Rule

 

a proposition that expresses permission or a requirement to perform or refrain from performing, under particular conditions, some act; the word “act” is understood to refer to some action or absence of action. These rules are called rules of permission and obligation, respectively; they are considered in a natural way to be elementary, or rules of the first rank, and are subsumed under the general term “injunction.” Complex rules are rules of the (n+ 1)th rank, obtained by applying injunctions to collections of rules of the nth or lesser rank in such a way that at least one of these rules must be of the nth rank. Ordinary grammatical rules are examples of rules of different, but not very high, ranks. A method is a system of rules of different ranks that includes rules designating the order in which other rules of the same system are introduced and rearranged.

Rules, whose systematic study is the object of deontic (normative) logic, are of importance in daily life and in all branches of science, particularly mathematics, logic, linguistics, ethics, jurisprudence, sociology, and political economy.

rule

[rül]
(mathematics)
An antecedent condition and a consequent proposition that can support deductive processes.

Rule

[′rül]
(astronomy)

rule

common types of rules
An instrument having straight edges, usually marked off in inches or centimeters and fractions thereof; used for measuring distance and for drawing straight lines.
References in periodicals archive ?
adopted the M'Naghten rules they were simply codifying what was
delusion" part of the M'Naghten rules, so the integrationist
Despite the long pedigree of the M'Naghten rule in both Britain and the United States, Souter said that ''the insanity rule, like the conceptualization of criminal offenses, is substantially open to state choice.
168) One major expansion occurred in 1870, when the highest court of New Hampshire rejected the M'Naghten Rule, (169) adopting instead what later became known as the Durham Rule.
The M'Naghten Rule has been criticized for being outdated and unreflective of psychological progress in mental understanding.
A number of years ago the Times of London ran a series of articles on the M'Naghten Rule.
15) In addition, a majority of the state courts now adhere to the M'Naghten rule.
The GMI verdict allows a judge or jury to find a defendant guilty but mentally ill if they find that the defendant was guilty of the offense beyond a reasonable doubt, that the defendant did not meet the test for legal insanity (which was based upon the M'Naghten rule in Michigan), and that the defendant was mentally ill at the time the offense was committed.
The M'Naghten rules state that a defendant should not be held responsible for his actions only if, due to his mental disease or defect, he did not know that his act would be wrong or did not understand the nature and quality of his actions.
The statistics cited above suggest that although insanity pleas were ostensibly evaluated according to the objective criteria known as the M'Naghten Rules, the insanity acquittal was gendered, and subjective notions of appropriate male and female behaviour dictated how jurors would respond to insanity pleas.