Mössbauer, Rudolf Ludwig


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Mössbauer, Rudolf Ludwig,

1929–2011, German physicist, Ph.D. Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Heidelberg, Germany, 1957. Mössbauer was a professor at the California Institute of Technology from 1961 to 1964, when he joined the faculty at the Technical Univ. of Munich; he retired in 1997. He was a co-recipient, with Robert HofstadterHofstadter, Robert,
1915–90, American physicist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Princeton, 1938. He taught at Princeton from 1938 to 1950 and also worked at the National Bureau of Standards during World War II.
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, of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics for his research on the emission and absorption of gamma radiation by atomic nuclei. He discovered the Mössbauer effect, in which nuclei that are in a crystalline lattice, which prevents the nuclei from recoiling, can emit and absorb gamma radiation resonantly. It allows highly precise measurements of frequency and has been applied to problems ranging from investigations on the surface of Mars to studies of corrosion.

Mössbauer, Rudolf Ludwig

 

Born Jan. 31, 1929, in Munich. German physicist (Federal Republic of Germany).

In 1955, Mössbauer graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Munich. From 1955 to 1957 he was a research assistant at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg, and from 1957 to 1959 he was back at the Technische Hochschule, receiving his doctorate in 1958. In 1960 he was appointed senior research fellow at the California Institute of Technology, becoming a professor in 1961. In 1964 he was appointed a professor at the Technische Hochschule in Munich. His main works are in nuclear physics and solid-state physics. In 1958, Mössbauer discovered the phenomenon of resonance absorption of gamma quanta by the atomic nuclei of a solid without an accompanying change in the internal energy of the body (the Mössbauer effect). He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1961.

WORKS

“Kernresonanzfluoreszenz von Gammastrahlung in Ir191.” Zeitschrift für Physik, 1958, vol. 151, fasc. 2, pp. 124–43.
“Kernresonanzabsorption von γ-Strahlung in Ir191.” Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, 1959, vol. 14 a, pp. 211–16.
In Russian translation:
“Rezonanshoe iadernoe pogloshchenie γ-kvantov v tverdykh telakh bez otdachi.” Uspekhifizicheskikh nauk, 1960, vol. 72, issue 4, pp. 658–71.