mufti

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mufti

(mŭf`tē), in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwafatwa,
in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, civil, or religious matter. The fatwa is usually a valuable source of information on any subject for private individuals or for judges or other authorities, and it is normally used as a
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) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-HusseiniHusseini, Amin al-
, 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He was inveterately opposed to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, and, suspected of complicity in anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem (1920), he fled to avoid punishment.
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, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

Mufti

 

in Islam, a higher theological figure empowered to pronounce opinions on religious and legal matters and to give instructions about the application of the sharia (the body of formally established sacred law in Islam). A mufti’s opinion (fatwa) is based on the religious and legal canons of the Islamic school (Sunnism or Shiism) or sect (madhab) predominant in a given country.

mufti

1. a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2. (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community