MIDI file

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MIDI file

A MIDI sound file that contains MIDI messages. MIDI files used in DOS and Windows have a .MID extension. A variation of this format is the RIFF MIDI file, which uses the .RMI extension.

The format of a Standard MIDI File (SMF) contains a header "chunk" at the beginning that defines the type, followed by one or more track chunks. Type 0 files store all tracks in one track chunk. Type 1 files use a separate chunk for each track, with the first chunk storing the tempo.

Type 0 files use less memory and run faster than type 1. Thus, original MIDI music is maintained in type 1 format and frequently distributed in type 0. MIDI files distributed for editing are usually in type 1 format, since it is difficult to convert from type 0 to type 1 using a MIDI sequencer.

A less-widely used type 2 file can contain several type 0 files.
References in periodicals archive ?
MIDI File Player: A built-in MIDI file player enables the student to play along with prerecorded accompaniments at an appropriately slow tempo.
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At the bottom of the score pages of Schir Zion are links to MIDI files for individual selections.
An easy-to-use companion website contains all student assignment sheets, handouts, worksheets, overhead sheets and related video, audio and MIDI files.
the first two weeks as a free trial of the service; the ability to access and download MIDI files free of charge.
Notes can be entered with a mouse, a MIDI keyboard, or by opening MIDI files.
Seek out an instrument that can export the recordings easily in a variety of formats including both standard MIDI files and also digital audio file formats such as MP3 or WAV.
Mosaic's MIDI component offers intelligent transcription and export of standard MIDI files.
Not only does it have Wi-Fi to download MIDI files onto itself so it can play back songs, you can record performances--with vocals and other instruments--as well.