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(compression, standard, algorithm, file format)
The first MPEG format for compressed video, optimised for CD-ROM. MPEG-1 was designed for the transmission rates of about 1.5 Mbps achievable with Video-CD and CD-i.

It uses discrete cosine transform (DCT) and Huffman coding to remove spatially redundant data within a frame and block-based motion compensated prediction (MCP) to remove data which is temporally redundant between frames. Audio is compressed using subband encoding. These algorithms allow better than VHS quality video and almost CD quality audio to be compressed onto and streamed off a single speed (1x) CD-ROM drive.

MPEG encoding can introduce blockiness, colour bleed and shimmering effects on video and lack of detail and quantisation effects on audio.

The official name of MPEG-1 is International Standard IS-11172.
References in periodicals archive ?
Interra has received widespread acclaim as the developer of MProbe, the industry's leading file-based MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 stream analyzer.
The new release now completes the full feature set for the family of MPEG standards, including MPEG-4, MPEG-2 and MPEG-1.
Vweb, a leading provider of MPEG video compression and broadband video networking technologies, today announced that Samsung Electronics, launched its "homevita" Wall pad Home Gateway Solution based on Vweb's VW2010 Single Chip MPEG-1,2,4 A/V Codec Technology.
Import video clips from MPEG-1 or -2, AVI, Microsoft(R) DirectShow(R), DVD Video or DVD-VR files; and add audio from MPEG-1 Audio Layer 2, Dolby(R) Digital (AC-3) or Linear PCM (.
While MPEG-2 decoders for Super Video Compact Disc (SVCD) and DVD will decline as the devices are replaced in the market by DVD recorders, MPEG-1 decoders have found a new market in CD players with MP3 support, as they are a very economical solution for CD player manufacturers wishing to add MP3 playback.
The plug-in adds powerful MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 capturing, editing and exporting capabilities to the popular video editing application.
The SDKs for all platforms make it easy for developers to add world-class MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 encoding and decoding.
Developed by the "Moving Picture Experts Group" that designed MPEG-2 (the digital television standard), MPEG-1 and MP3.