Macchiaioli


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Macchiaioli

 

(from Italian macchia, “spot”), a group of Italian painters that arose in Florence about 1860, taking its name from the free painting style of its adherents. The group included the painters T. Signorini, G. Fattori, S. Lega, and G. Abbate and the sculptor A. Cecioni, the group’s theoretician. Almost all had participated in the national liberation movement led by G. Mazzini and G. Garibaldi. The macchiaioli opposed the stiff pomposity of academic painting and the abstract symbolic tendencies of late romanticism, striving to bring their art closer to contemporary reality and selecting democratic subjects. They painted scenes from the recent war, genre scenes, and the Italian landscape, often working in the open air. Their works are characterized by realistic motifs, a simple, almost random, composition, and precise drawing. There is a free, sometimes contrasting, juxtaposition of rich patches of color and light and dark areas. The movement died out in the 1880’s. Some macchiaioli, notably, F. Zandomeneghi and G. de Nittis, were influenced by modern French painting and turned to impressionism.

REFERENCES

Giardelli, M. I macchiaioli e l–epoca loro. Milan, 1958.
Cecchi, E. Macchiaioli toscani d’Europa. Firenze, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
The final chapter introduces Enrico Nencioni, an early Italian advocate for Walt Whitman, whose poetry is a paradigm for the disillusionment that the Haussmann effect occasioned among the Macchiaioli painters of Tuscany.
5) One needs to look at paintings by the Tuscan Macchiaioli or at the old photographs by Brogi and the Alinari brothers to reconstruct the site as it was when the Old Market was still intact.
Volpi's early figurative years, under the influence of the Neapolitan school of Posillipo or the Tuscan Macchiaioli, are well represented in the show.
II-related claims are the exhibitions of Schiele, Macchiaioli, and von
In 1892-94, the Jorgensens were away from San Francisco absorbing art in Venice, Naples, Rome, and Florence, where Chris studied under Rafaele Sorbi of the macchiaioli group of plein-air landscapists who advocated fast-paced, intense observation to depict nature's moods.
As the work stands, the index of rubriche throws up useful references to, for example, aura-aureola, dionisiaco, Grande Guerra, i maestri del sospetto, Menabo, Macchiaioli, malattia, industria, editoria, fascismo, principio di piacere, elzeviro, zdanovismo.
A large collection of 19th Century Italian - Macchiaioli paintings will also be featured.
The installation shows his extraordinary versatility by arranging his works in a roughly thematic chronological sequence, from his earliest responses to the Macchiaioli in Florence to his explosive society portraits of the 1890s.
3) Although Rosi gives no explicit indication of his pictorial sources, besides Levi's paintings, art historical memories are recognizable throughout the film, where the director draws, for instance, from the Macchiaioli, Neapolitan genre painting, and the Romantic realism of Millet.
Like the French radicals who would follow, the Macchiaioli made paintings that were loose, fast and lively, painted on the spot instead of in a studio.
Sarah Hill, in her "The Art of History: Picturing the Risorgimento in Blasetti's 1860," provides a cogent exploration of the influence of the nineteenth-century Macchiaioli painters on Blasetti's 1934 film 1860.
And no, whatever British curators have tried to convince us, the Macchiaioli are more Barbizon than Giverny.