Macchiaioli, I(ē mäk-kēīô`lē), a group of Italian artists active primarily in Florence c.1855–65. Influenced by members of the Barbizon schoolBarbizon school
, an informal school of French landscape painting that flourished c.1830–1870. Its name derives from the village of Barbizon, a favorite residence of the painters associated with the school.
..... Click the link for more information. , the Macchiaioli reacted against stilted academic art and worked to emphasize painterly immediacy and freshness. Silvestro Lega, Giovanni Fattori, Vito d'Ancona, Giovanni (Nino) Costa, and Giovanni Boldini were among the artists of this school. They were best known for their landscapes, portraits, and genregenre
, in art-history terminology, a type of painting dealing with unidealized scenes and subjects of everyday life. Although practiced in ancient art, as shown by Pompeiian frescoes, and in the Middle Ages, genre was not recognized as worthy and independent subject matter
..... Click the link for more information. scenes.