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the language of the present-day Macedonians; one of the principal languages of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Macedonian belongs to the eastern branch of the South Slavic languages. The main dialect groups are the western, eastern, and northern.

The Macedonian literary language had formed by the mid-1940’s from the central subdialects of the western dialect, which is similar to the colloquial language. The alphabet is Slavic (Cyrillic). Literary Macedonian has five vowel phonemes (i, e, a, o, and u) and a syllabic r. Stress is mobile, occurring on the antepenultimate syllable (prochitav, prochitavme). Consonants specific to Macedonian include the affricates S (dz) and U (), and the mediopalatals K and g (from Common Slavic *tj and * dj). Nouns have three types of postpositional definite article; oblique case inflections have been lost. The future tense is formed by means of the particle Ke; there are four past tenses (including a perfect tense of the type imam videno, “I have seen”), and indirect tense forms of the indicative and conditional mood. Analytism has developed in Macedonian, as in the other Balkan languages.


Selishchev, A. M. Ocherki po makedonskoi dialektologii, vol. 1. Kazan, 1918.
Usikova, R. P. Morfologiia imeni sushchestvil’nogo iglagola vsovremennom makedonskom literaturnom iazyke. Skopje, 1967.
Koneski, B. Gramatika na makedonskiot literaturen jazik, parts 1-2. Skopje, 1967.
Koneski, B. Istorija no makedonskiot jazik. Skopje, 1965.
Tolovski, D., and V. M. Illich-Svitych. Makedonsko-russkiislovar’. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
Anadolu Agency's Macedonian Service will be fully available to its subscriber media outlets on the Agency's "News Management System" interface while some of the service's news stories, photographs and videos will be available to the public on the AA website, at http://www.
Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov is set to place a memorial plaque Monday in the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore stating that it was there that Pope Adrian II consecrated the books translated by the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius and that it was there that a service was officially held in the Slavic language for the first time.
and Lillian Petroff's Sojourners and Settlers to illustrate their important contributions to the history of Macedonian immigration to Canada.
This left the population of Southwest Bulgaria a which was harassed by its own government on orders from Moscow a to shake off the imagined ethnic Macedonian identity imposed on it.
There is an impression and reactions from the emigrant population that they and their activities are not adequately and strategically devised and presented before the Macedonian public.
If you are of Macedonian heritage or know of anyone with Macedonian roots in the region, then you can contact Simon Gilbert by calling 02476 633777.
Also during the anticipated visit, the Macedonian Chamber of Commerce will invite its Kuwaiti counterpart to visit Macedonia in order to observe the economic situation and investment opportunities there on ground, Georgevski concluded.
We must find a way to live side by side as brothers--Greeks, Macedonians, and Persians.
Exposed to continual attempts for its annulment or assimilation, the Macedonian language has affirmed itself as a centuries-long resurrection that, similarly to all resurrections, had its casualties.
Transparent Language, a leader in language learning solutions, today announced the addition of Armenian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Norwegian, and Uzbek to its Before You Know It language learning product line.
The Macedonian language is still being denied by many who, trying to erase it or rename it, exert a kind of symbolic oppression against the Macedonian identity, said Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov in his address delivered on the occasion of the opening of the Summer School of the 48th International Seminar on the Macedonian Language, Literature and Culture in Ohrid over the weekend.

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