Machine Knitting

Knitting, Machine


the production of knitted cloth and goods from continuous threads by bending them into interwoven loops. The link between the loops and their mutual positions is determined by the type of interweaving.

Machine knitting is accomplished by two basic methods: horizontal knitting and foundation knitting. In the horizontal knitting a continuous thread is consecutively wound into loops of one row, which forms the knitted cloth when it is joined with the previous row; in foundation knitting the loop row is formed by a system of threads (the foundation), placed simultaneously on all the working needles of the machine. The loops from the same thread are not arranged in one row but move consecutively from row to row. There are single knitting machines (with one needle) and double ones (with two needles); depending upon the type of needles used they are subdivided into machines with hook, tongue, or groove needles. There are flat or round knitting machines, depending on the shape of the needles, and one-system or multisystem designs, depending upon the number of loop-forming units.

There are four basic types of knitting machines, depending upon their purpose: stocking machines (round-or flat-needle machines), underwear machines, outer knitwear machines, arid glove machines. Each group contains machines of different types and purposes (for smooth or patterned knitting, for instance). There are also special knitting machines for making such items as berets, corsets, or artificial furs. The most commonly used knitting fibers are cotton, wool, synthetic fibers, and mixes. Knitting machines can make up to 2 million loops per minute. The worker who services the knitting machine only has to control the continuous feeding of thread and the quality of the goods, service the machine, and correct small faults in its operation.


Dalidovich, A. S. Osnovy teorii viazaniia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.
Lipkov, I. A. Tekhnologiia trikotazhnogo proizvodstva, 2nd ed.Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eve Cavell had used machine knitting to produce a thoughtprovoking collection of items inspired by war and conflict.
The 150 mm conical package arrives ready for industrial machine knitting.
The structure of beadwork is technically geometric and that kind of form is perfect for machine knitting.
Training to women are imparted in Hand knitting, embroidery, machine knitting and machine embroidery and dress making techniques.
Karen teaches jewellery making, scrapbooking, card making and machine knitting and also runs workshops with children and adults alike.
The Stitch and Creative Crafts Show covers all aspects of hand and machine knitting, sewing, beading, cross stitching, patchwork, quilting, embroidery, needlepoint, scrap-booking, card making, paper craft, ribbon craft, soft furnishings, crochet and other stitch and creative crafts.
People can use any type of textile crafts such as hand or machine knitting, weaving, tapestry, fabric painting, dyeing or batik.
Lesley hasn't the time to hand-spin all the wool she produces, so some is sent to the Natural Fibre Company in Lampeter which spins the wool into machine knitting yarn that she then makes into hats and for jumpers.
Children, textiles students, teachers and anyone interested in machine knitting are welcome.
Nuneaton Machine Knitting Club is staging the event at Hatter's Space, in Upper Abbey Street, Nuneaton, on June 26.
An impressive range of cake, crafts and arts stands kept sweet tooth and shopaholics happy with demonstrations from Cleveland Wood Turners and machine knitting experts enthralling visitors.
Projects being developed so far include computer training courses, dance classes, youth clubs, careers guidance, a machine knitting club and a young people's information project.

Full browser ?