Machine Word

machine word

[mə′shēn ‚wərd]
(computer science)
The fundamental unit of information in a word-organized digital computer, consisting of a fixed number of binary bits, decimal digits, characters, or bytes.

Machine Word

 

in a digital computer, an ordered set of symbols (digits, letters, etc.) stored in an internal memory and retrievable during processing as a unified coded block (word).

The machine word is the unit of information in a computer. A machine word may be an instruction or number; it may be alphabetic or alphanumeric data. A machine word consists of digits (symbol positions) that are often interrelated and numbered for clarity. The number of digits determines the length of the machine word, which may be fixed (as in the M-220, BESM-4, and Minsk-22 computers) or variable (as in the Ural-14, BESM-6, and IBM 360). The machine’s memory is more fully utilized with variable-length machine words. A single memory cell may accommodate several machine words, one whole machine word, or part of a machine word. One accordingly addresses either the entire machine word, or its beginning and end, or only its beginning, but in the last case the entire length of the word must be indicated. Instructions and numbers often have equal lengths (for example, 45 digits in the BESM-4 and 37 digits in the Minsk-22) and occupy one memory cell.

A. V. GUSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Object the supply and implementation of a research infrastructure for research syntax and semantics of the slovak language to the needs of machine word processing infrastructure as basic and applied research.
Total quantity or scope: Object the supply and implementation of a research infrastructure for research syntax and semantics of the Slovak language to the needs of machine word processing infrastructure as basic and applied research.
the mini outskirts of Deadwood reckons a bureaucratic misnomer here men stalk and sling a gun reach then shoot out in the streets a damn violent neighborhood has more action where I live the westend is badder then again I might move to where bad guys die in streets jump to feet for free drinks join an arcade of dead Indians to frequent the cloven hoof casino I wrestle pull & jerk the slot slut machine word slut I become to get the proper feel Indian Country of the 1990's wanna bet another winner another gamble
A typical modern computer has anywhere from 16 to 64 bits of storage in each machine word.
How large a number one can store in a single machine word greatly affects how fast one can factor large integers.
We need a total of 23 bits to store each edge in the array, so an edge can conveniently fit into a 32-bit machine word (or if more space efficiency is desired, into three 8-bit bytes).

Full browser ?