Madhab

Madhab

 

(Arabic, literally, “way to act”), a religious and juridical doctrine (school) of Muslim Sunni law.

The madhab (plural, madhahib) arose in the eighth and ninth centuries. Among numerous madhahib, four have been preserved: the Hanifite, Malikite, Shafiyite, and Hanbalite (named for their founders, Abu Hanifah, Malik ibn Anas, al-Shafiya, and Ibn Hanbal). They are accepted as incontrovertible and final authorities in the interpretation of Muslim law. All these doctrines are true to the fundamental tenets of Sunnism, although they differ in numerous details, some of which are significant. For example, Hanifism is more tolerant as to the possibility of using certain components of common law, or adata, and recognizes the administrative regulations of governmental authority. Malikism adheres more zealously to the letter of sacred tradition, or sunna. Shafiyism is a compromise between Hanifism and Malikism. Hanbalism is even more intolerant of the new than is Malikism, accentuating maximum strictness in observing all the norms of sharia.

Hanifism prevails among Muslims in countries populated by Turkic-speaking peoples (including the Soviet Union, except Azerbaijan) and among Chinese, Indian, and Syrian Muslims. Malikism prevails in Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, West Africa, the Sudan, and parts of Egypt. Shafiyism predominates in Egypt, East Africa, and Indonesia; Hanbalism is followed almost exclusively in Saudi Arabia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Construction of cc road at champaposhi road towards madhab moharana house in w.
Other highlights include Nagraj Manjule's short film An Essay of the Rain, Ben Rekhi's The Ashram starring Kal Penn, Vaishali Sinha's Ask The Sexpert about 93-year old sex advice columnist Mahinder Watsa, The Hungry, starring Naseeruddin Shah and Tisca Chopra, Hansal Mehta's Omerta and Nila Madhab Panda's Kadvi Hawa.
Other highlights include Nagraj Manjule's short film An Essay of the Rain , Ben Rekhi's The Ashram starring Kal Penn, Vaishali Sinha's Ask The Sexpert about 93-year old sex advice columnist Mahinder Watsa, The Hungry , starring Naseeruddin Shah and Tisca Chopra, Hansal Mehta's Omerta and Nila Madhab Panda's Kadvi Hawa .
Khanal, Madhab Nepal and Bamdev Gautam may put pressure to Oli saying that Bhandary should not be repeated in the same post again.
His latest A Death in the Gunj is playing in cinema halls while the actor is excited for his forthcoming Kadvi Hawa, directed by Nila Madhab Panda.
It turned out that it wasn't a diary at all, but was actually a copy of passages from a treatise on Islamic law in the Maliki madhab written by a Muslim scholar of fiqh, Ibn Abu Zayd al-Qairawani in Tunisia in the 900s.
Lakshyasri Baishya (1), Madhab Kalita (2), Ajanta Sharma (3) *, Bornali Sarma Dutta (1) and Debeeka Hazarika (4)
Sharing his experiences Parija said, "I am glad to work with the Padma Shri Awardee Director, Nila Madhab Panda, and that too on a very pertinent subject of present day effects of world climate change.
Further asserting that she also knew nothing about Wahhabism, Hashmi insisted that "I don't follow a specific sect, madhab (school of Islamic legal thought) or scholar.
Madhab Singh, brother of the Raja of Barabhum, at the head of his Chuar followers became so formidable that Wellesley's government had to adopt special measures for his apprehension.
Other records by JJ include animals on farms in the Kalba district (Emirate of Sharjah) in August-September 2013, and in Ayn Al Madhab Park --Fujairah on 23rd November 2013.