Madhab

Madhab

 

(Arabic, literally, “way to act”), a religious and juridical doctrine (school) of Muslim Sunni law.

The madhab (plural, madhahib) arose in the eighth and ninth centuries. Among numerous madhahib, four have been preserved: the Hanifite, Malikite, Shafiyite, and Hanbalite (named for their founders, Abu Hanifah, Malik ibn Anas, al-Shafiya, and Ibn Hanbal). They are accepted as incontrovertible and final authorities in the interpretation of Muslim law. All these doctrines are true to the fundamental tenets of Sunnism, although they differ in numerous details, some of which are significant. For example, Hanifism is more tolerant as to the possibility of using certain components of common law, or adata, and recognizes the administrative regulations of governmental authority. Malikism adheres more zealously to the letter of sacred tradition, or sunna. Shafiyism is a compromise between Hanifism and Malikism. Hanbalism is even more intolerant of the new than is Malikism, accentuating maximum strictness in observing all the norms of sharia.

Hanifism prevails among Muslims in countries populated by Turkic-speaking peoples (including the Soviet Union, except Azerbaijan) and among Chinese, Indian, and Syrian Muslims. Malikism prevails in Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, West Africa, the Sudan, and parts of Egypt. Shafiyism predominates in Egypt, East Africa, and Indonesia; Hanbalism is followed almost exclusively in Saudi Arabia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ashok Kumar Mohanty & Durga Madhab Mahapatra (2010), "Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) of Foreign Banks in India in the Post Reform Era: An Analytical Study" Mangalmay Journal of Management & Technology, Vol.
As of now, no doctors have come here," said Radha Madhab, a flood victim.
According to speakers, legislations for Halal certification vary from one Islamic school of thought, called Madhab in Arabic, to another one.
bar] college and "who over-stressed his fanaticism for his Mandril madhab and associated (himself) with Persians," and Shaykhu, "who [built] a hanqah/madrasa where the Hanafi-s are definitely given priority over the other madhab-s.
However, after appointing Jai Prakash Narayan Singh, Madhab Bhandari and Sharada Bhadra as permanent lecturers, the college staff position became stable.
FINANCING OF SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN INDIA by Ashok Kumar Mohanty& Durga Madhab Mahapatra, Serials Publications, New Delhi, 2007, pp.
Some British delegates in their recent visit to our Prime Minister Madhab Kumar Nepal said: "your streets are too dirty.
11) The Western pressure even led to differences to surface between Prime Minister Madhab Kumar Nepal who felt constrained by foreign pressure to decide on the matter while the Defense Minister Vidya Bhandari argued that regular promotions could not be withheld on the basis of foreign accusations.
Members were also told of a rescue excavation in the Wadi Madhab, Fujairah, which was funded by a Dubai-based developer planning to build houses on the site.
The Hanafi madhab thus unites communities in Pakistan, Turkey and Egypt, while the Shafi'i school unites communities in Egypt, Malaysia, Indonesia and Yemen.
She is back in the theatres this week with Ketan Mehta's Manjhi The Mountain and returns again next week with I Am Kalam maker Nila Madhab Panda's Kaun Kitney Paani Mein.