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Madison,river, 183 mi (295 km) long, rising in Yellowstone National ParkYellowstone National Park,
2,219,791 acres (899,015 hectares), the world's first national park (est. 1872), NW Wyo., extending into Montana and Idaho. It lies mainly on a broad plateau in the Rocky Mts., on the Continental Divide, c.
..... Click the link for more information. , NW Wyo., and flowing W then N through SW Montana to join the Jefferson and Gallatin rivers at the Three Forks of the Missouri. It is impounded by Hebgen Dam in its upper course and by Madison Dam, a power facility, at midcourse. The river is used for irrigation. Earthquake Lake was formed in 1959.
Madison.1 City (1990 pop. 12,006), seat of Jefferson co., SE Ind., on the Ohio River; settled c.1806, inc. 1838. It is a port of entry and a tobacco marketing center. Among its manufactures are transportation and industrial equipment, shoes, and chemicals. The city has many fine examples of Georgian, Federal, Classical Revival, Gothic, Italianate, and Victorian architecture in its c.2,000-acre (800-hectare) national historic landmark district. An annual regatta is held on the Ohio River. Hanover College is nearby.
2 Borough (1990 pop. 15,850), Morris co., NE N.J., a residential suburb of the New York–New Jersey area; settled 1685, inc. 1889. Drew Univ. and part of Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. are there, and many corporate headquarters are nearby. Originally called Bottle Hill, it was renamed in 1834. Sayre House (1745) in Madison was Gen. Anthony WayneWayne, Anthony,
1745–96, American Revolutionary general, b. Chester co., Pa. Impetuous and hot-headed, Wayne was sometimes known as "mad Anthony," but he was an able general. Early Career
Not inclined toward academic studies, Wayne became a surveyor in 1763.
..... Click the link for more information. 's headquarters. The borough is noted for its roses.
3 City (1990 pop. 191,262), state capital, and seat of Dane co., S central Wis., on an isthmus between lakes Monona and Mendota, in the Four Lakes group; inc. 1856. It is a trading and manufacturing center in a fertile agricultural region. Foods and beverages, chemicals, machinery, medical supplies, and wood and metal products are made. Madison was founded in 1836, and (through the efforts of James Duane Doty) was chosen territorial capital before it was settled. It is the seat of the Univ. of Wisconsin and Edgewood College, and a U.S. forest-products laboratory is also there. Many parks that dot the wooded lake shores make it an attractive residential city. Among its points of interest are the elaborate capitol, which houses the legislative library organized by Charles McCarthyMcCarthy, Charles,
1873–1921, American political scientist and author, b. Brockton, Mass. He organized and directed (1901–21) at Madison, Wis., the first official legislative reference library in the country.
..... Click the link for more information. ; a Unitarian church designed by Frank Lloyd WrightWright, Frank Lloyd,
1867–1959, American architect, b. Richland Center, Wis., as Frank Lincoln Wright; he changed his name to honor his mother's family (the Lloyd Joneses). Wright is widely considered the greatest American architect.
..... Click the link for more information. ; the Overture Center for the Arts; a large arboretum; and Vilas Park, which contains a zoo. The Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center (1997) beside Lake Monona is largely based on Frank Lloyd Wright's design.
a city in the northern USA; capital of Wisconsin. Population, 173,000 (1970); 290,000 including suburbs. Madison is an important highway and railroad transportation junction. Industry employs 17,000 people (1970). The principal industries are radio and electrical equipment, agricultural machinery, meat, milk products, and printing. The city has a university.