Maghrib


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Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya

Maghrib

 

(Maghreb; Arabic, “west”), a region in Africa, composed of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco (the Maghrib proper) and also Libya, Mauritania, and the territory of Western Sahara, which together form the Great Maghrib (as opposed to the Arab east, the Mashriq). In the Middle Ages, Muslim Spain (Andalusia) and other possessions of the former Arab Caliphate in the western Mediterranean (the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, and Sicily) were also considered part of the Maghrib. Along with the Arabic literary language, Arabic dialects are widespread in the Maghrib, including the Hasania dialect (in Mauritania and the Western Sahara), Berber dialects, and the so-called Maltese language (with a writing system based on the Latin alphabet).

After Morocco and Tunisia achieved independence (1956), the king of Morocco, Muhammad V, and the prime minister of Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba, proposed the idea of creating a regional association, the Great Arab Maghrib. Conferences held in Tangier (1958) and Rabat (1963) studied the problem of unification. In 1964 the Maghrib Permanent Consultative Committee, which included the ministers of the economy of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, was established. From 1964 to 1968, branch commissions were established under the auspices of the committee, and a number of agreements on cooperation of the Maghrib countries in various economic spheres were signed. Mauritania has been participating in the committee (as an ob-server) since 1970. Libya left all of the regional organizations of the Maghrib in 1970.

References in periodicals archive ?
These sermons will take place after Fajr and Maghrib prayers.
DOHA LIKE Muslims from various countries especially from the Arab world, Indonesians too break their fast after the call for Maghrib prayer with dates and water or tea during the Holy Month of Ramadan.
HM King Mohammed VI received, on Saturday at the Rabat Royal Palace, Abdellatif Jouahri, Governor of the Bank Al Maghrib (central bank) who submitted to the Sovereign the bank's yearly report on the economic, monetary and financial situation for the year 2013.
37) The dominant colonialist interpretation of the pre-colonial Maghrib as anarchic was being challenged by a new vision which emphasized the preexistence of the nation state and the subsequent emergence of resistance movements against colonial role.
En cas de cessation, transformation ou cession de l'entreprise, celles-ci doivent etre declarees aupres de Barid al Maghrib egalement.
Etisalat, Atlantique Telecom SA, and Etisalat International Benin Limited and Itissalat Al Maghrib announced that they have inked a share purchase deal to sell off Etisalat s shareholdings in its operations in Benin, the Central African Republic, Gabon, the Ivory Coast, Niger and Togo.
MADINAH MUNAWARRAH -- Prime Minister Mohammed Nawaz Sharif on Monday evening did his Iftar in Masjid e Nabvi along with others who had come for iftaari and maghrib prayers.
King Abdullah and the attendees performed the Maghrib prayer in congregation (jama'ah).
One is concerned with the UMA (Arab Maghrib Union) and also includes a discussion of the situation resulting from the rise to prominence of the Islamist movement in Algeria, while the other one deals with human rights.
Les facteurs autonomes de liquidite ont exerce un effet restrictif de l'ordre de 11,1 milliards de dirhams (MMDH) a fin juillet 2014, par rapport au mois de juin, sur les tresoreries bancaires, indique vendredi Bank Al Maghrib (BAM).
Alcatel-Lucent is partnering Injaz Egypt and Injaz Al Maghrib in Morocco on educational development programmes in both countries.
Quran Khawani for the departed soul will be held on Monday (February 25) from Asr to Maghrib at 27-N-Block, Model Town Extension, Lahore.