Magna Graecia


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Magna Graecia

(măg`nə grē`shə) [Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory. They were on both coasts from the Bay of Naples and the Gulf of Taranto southward. Unlike Greek Sicily, Magna Graecia began to decline by 500 B.C., probably because of malaria and endless warfare among the colonies. Only Tarentum (now Taranto) and Cumae remained individually very significant. Magna Graecia was the center of two philosophical groups in the 6th cent. B.C., that of Parmenides at Elea and that of Pythagoras at Crotona. Through Cumae especially, the Etruscans of Capua and the Romans came into early contact with Greek civilization. The following are the chief cities of Magna Graecia (those colonized from Greece, except Thurii and Elea, go back to the 8th or early 7th cent. B.C.; those colonized locally are perhaps a century younger)—on the east coast from north to south, Tarentum (colonized from Sparta), Metapontum (from Achaea), Heraclea (from Tarentum), Siris (from Colophon), Sybaris (from Achaea), Thurii (from Athens, replacing Sybaris), Crotona (from Achaea), Caulonia (from Crotona), Epizephyrian Locris (from Locris); on the west coast from north to south, Cumae (from Chalcis), Neapolis (now Naples; from Cumae), Paestum, or Posidonia (from Sybaris), Elea (from Phocaea in Ionia), Laos (from Sybaris), Hipponium (from Epizephyrian Locris), and Rhegium (now Reggio de Calabria; from Chalcis).

Bibliography

See D. Randall-MacIver, Greek Cities of Italy and Sicily (1931); T. J. Dunbabin, The Western Greeks (1948); A. G. Woodhead, The Greeks in the West (1962).

Magna Graecia

(in the ancient world) S Italy, where numerous colonies were founded by Greek cities
References in periodicals archive ?
Antonio Cicione, Urology Unit, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Germaneto, Catanzaro 88100, Italy; fax: 039-09613647184; acicione@libero.
Its author, GIOVANNA CESARI, succeeds remarkably well in her research into the history of Classical archaeology in Magna Graecia between the sixteenth century and World War II in southern Italy (south of Naples, excluding Sicily).
Snyder's analysis, however, is less profound than that of Marilyn Skinner, who in a brilliant essay, engaging word-to-word with the Greek texts, shows how Nossis, a poetess of Hellenistic Magna Graecia, converted and subverted standard poetic tropes.
163/06, to allocate the service of administration of full-time work and determined for the university of catanzaro magna graecia - cig n.
The development of archaeology, shown by the growth of Classical archaeology in Magna Graecia above, also forms the subject of the next books: Palaeolithic archaeology in Britain in the later Victorian era, archaeological practice in northwestern Europe over the last four centuries, and Gavin Lucas's reflections on the archaeological record.
Cosintino (systems and control engineering, Magna Graecia U.
Half-brother to useful Historian (Prix Rose de Mai), stakes-placed Sovetsky, and to dam of Magna Graecia and Graikos.
Canteen for students and staff of the University Magna Graecia to be held in the space made available by way of loan to use as well as the design and execution of the restructuring, setting up, routine maintenance and repairs of building structures and facilities ; supply of various equipment and furniture.
It was decided to narrow the focus of the fourth conference to hand-made terracotta roof decorations in temples in ancient Central Italy, Campania and Magna Graecia, and Sicily.
Dunbabin, which inclined him to draw parallels between Greece and Britain, Magna Graecia and the Antipodes (De Angelis 1998: 540-42).
Contract notice: By open tender for the supply and installation of equipment to laboratories of nutraceuticals and molecular oncology, as well as platforms for functional genomics, proteomics and molecular pathology - within the project pona3_00435 - biomedpark @ umg - university of magna graecia of catanzaro, campus universitario.