Magnesium Chloride


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

magnesium chloride

[mag′nē·zē·əm ′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
MgCl2·6H2O Deliquescent white crystals; soluble in water and alcohol; used in disinfectants and fire extinguishers, and in ceramics, textiles, and paper manufacture.

Magnesium Chloride

 

MgCl2, a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.316 g/cm3; melting point, 713°C; boiling point, 1412°C. It is extremely hygroscopic; its solubility in water at 20°C is 35.3 percent (by weight). It forms crystalline hydrates with one, two, four, six, eight, and 12 water molecules. Hydrous magnesium chloride, MgCl2-6H2O, is stable at temperatures from —3.4° to 116.7°C. It occurs naturally as the mineral bischofite; it is extracted in large quantities during the concentration of ocean brines. Magnesium chloride forms double salts, an example of which is the highly valuable mineral carnallite, KCl.MgCl2-6H2O (a source of Mg and KC1). The production of magnesium chloride involves the dehydration of bischofite to MgCl2»2H2O, which is then dehydrated in a flow of HC1 at 100°-200°C. Magnesium chloride is primarily used in the manufacture of metallic magnesium; MgCl2 • 6H2O is used in the preparation of magnesia cements.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wetting agents can also be used in conjunction with the magnesium chloride and liquid latex solutions to improve penetration and effectiveness.
The resultant titanium has the form of a sponge (reaction) mass in which the pores are filled with magnesium chloride and unused magnesium.
We had materials stockpiled and we had people start coming in the Sunday before it hit to lay down the magnesium chloride and start working 24-hour shifts.
Chloride ions from sodium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, and potassium chloride all can be damaging to vegetation.
Because magnesium chloride brine freezes at an extremely low temperature, around -25 degrees F, the compound helps keep streets and sidewalks clear in even the most severe conditions and minimizes freeze/thaw damage to concrete.
Joensuu procurement ask you to give the offer a flaky calcium chloride and magnesium chloride, CC Road contract period 1.
The electrolyte is selected from sodium chloride, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, disodium EDTA and any combinations thereof.
On December 28, 2010, the FDA demanded an immediate cessation of the manufacturing and distribution of three nutritional products designed for parenteral administration: vitamin C (500 mg/ml in 50 ml vials), magnesium chloride (200 mg/ml in 50 ml multidose vials), and vitamin B complex 100 (in 30 ml multidose vials).
Diamond Crystal Dyn-O Melt Ice Melter - A three-component blend of magnesium chloride, diammonium phosphate and sodium chloride works down to 0 degrees F (-18 degrees C) to inhibit metal corrosion.
I first learned about magnesium chloride (Slow-Mag) through your magazine.
Molten halide salts, such as magnesium chloride and eutectic mixtures thereof, promote contact and ion exchange with carbon sources.
In the new study, the California team gave seven hypertensive diabetics 260 milligrams of magnesium chloride per day.