Magnetic separation methods

Magnetic separation methods

All materials possess magnetic properties. Substances that have a greater permeability than air are classified as paramagnetic; those with a lower permeability are called diamagnetic. Paramagnetic materials are attracted to a magnet; diamagnetic substances are repelled. Very strongly paramagnetic materials can be separated from weakly or nonmagnetic materials by the use of low-intensity magnetic separators. Minerals such as hematite, limonite, and garnet are weakly magnetic and can be separated from nonmagnetics by the use of high-intensity separators.

Magnetic separators are widely used to remove tramp iron from ores being crushed, to remove contaminating magnetics from food and industrial products, to recover magnetite and ferrosilicon in the float-sink methods of ore concentration, and to upgrade or concentrate ores. Magnetic separators are extensively used to concentrate ores, particularly iron ores, when one of the principal constituents is magnetic. See Mechanical separation techniques, Ore dressing

References in periodicals archive ?
Based on this positive result, Pluton commenced 3mm bench scale variability testing by dry magnetic separation methods on Wonganin Sandstone and Yampi Member drill core composites samples from both the Hardstaff Peninsula and the Isthmus Region.
This announcement details the procedure and test work results for dry magnetic separation methods on both the Wonganin Sandstone and Yampi Member drill core samples taken from the Hardstaff Peninsula.
Oxidised iron samples are upgradable by both gravity and magnetic separation methods, with average concentrate grade of 60% iron.