Famagusta

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Famagusta

(fämägo͞o`stä), Gr. Ammochostos, city (1992 pop. 30,798), E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay. An important port and a Turkish administrative center, the city was completely evacuated in 1974 when Turkey invaded the island. Before 1974 the majority of the population had been Greek Cypriots. Farming is the main occupation, and there are other light industries. Famagusta occupies the site of ancient Arsinoë, built (3d cent. B.C.) by Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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. After the fall (1291) of Acre (see AkkoAkko
or Acre
, Fr. Saint-Jean d'Acre, Arab. Acca, city (1994 pop. 45,300), NW Israel, a port on the Bay of Haifa (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea). Its manufactures include iron and steel, chemicals, and textiles. The city was captured (A.D.
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) to the Saracens, Christian refugees greatly increased the city's wealth. The seat (15th–16th cent.) of the Venetian governors of Cyprus, it was strongly fortified by the Venetians; the governor's palace, the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, and many churches testify to its medieval splendor. As a British naval base the city was heavily bombed in World War II, and from 1946 to 1948 a British internment camp for illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine was maintained near the city. Famagusta is thought to be the scene of Acts II through V of Shakespeare's Othello.

Famagusta

a port in E Cyprus, on Famagusta Bay: became one of the richest cities in Christendom in the 14th century. Pop.: 67 167 (1994)
References in periodicals archive ?
John lives in a mansion outside the Kent village of Meopham and Ron is based in Northern Cyprus, where there is a Hever timeshare resort at the Long Beach Club, Magosa.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Kibris, tevkif kamplari, multeci kamplari, Magosa, 1915-49.
Viktorya Islam Inas Sanayi Mektebi ve Kibrisli Turk Kadininin Haklari (1902-1985), Magosa, Lefkosa Ozel Turk Universitesi Yayinlari: 3.