Maghreb

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Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 32,726,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
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, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2005 est. pop. 32,532,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
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, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,075,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2005 est. pop. 273,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
References in periodicals archive ?
The Anti-Terrorism Assistance program includes funding for critical GWOT and Presidential Initiative countries, supports expansion of the Regional Strategic Initiatives (RSI) to the Horn of Africa and the Mahgreb, and permits the continuation of programs in critical non-RSI countries where terrorist activity threatens vital U.
Similar concerns exist about some of the major European stakes in places like Libya and other parts of the Mahgreb.
Though the term arabesque is a Western name for the Eastern image, the design itself stretches back to the ninth century Abbasid dynasty in the Arabian Peninsula, achieves its definitive form in the eleventh century under the Seljuks, Fatimids, and Moors in the Levant and Mahgreb, reaches Islamic Spain by the twelfth century, finds its way to late fifteenth century Europe under the moniker the Moresque, and becomes fashionable during the Renaissance with men such as Albrecht Durer and Hans Holbein (Gibb 561).
The recap of Muammar al-Qaddafi's involvement in terrorism from one corner of the Mahgreb to the other, and from Central Africa to Northern Europe and beyond, is engaging, if not original.
The main problem for the Mahgreb is the bilateral situation between Algeria and Morocco.
Two commercial CannOxide installations are at Recticel in France, which is producing furniture foams, and Mahgreb of Morocco, which makes transportation seating.
Turkey has failed to gain admission to the Community, while the Mahgreb group (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauretania) is negotiating for special trading status.
The men were said to be connected to al-Qaeda in the Islamic Mahgreb.
That was another major setback for Zawahiri's grand strategy of a powerful jihadist alliance in the Mahgreb that might one day act as a springboard for a new onslaught against western interests.
The authors have concentrated their efforts on sub-Saharan Africa, and make only passing references to the Mahgreb.