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(məhē`kən), confederacy of Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Mahican were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area. In the early 17th cent. they occupied both banks of the upper Hudson River extending north almost to Lake Champlain. Living to the northeast were the Pennacook, and to the southwest the Wappinger; both were closely related to the Mahican. The MoheganMohegan
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Also called the Mohican, they were the eastern branch of the Mahican. In the early 17th cent.
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 were a tribe of the Mahican Confederacy and are to be distinguished from the larger group. However, both groups have on occasion been referred to as Mohicans. When the Dutch arrived in what is now New York the Mohawk had been at war with the Mahican for some time and had steadily driven the Mahican east of the Hudson River. The Mahican council fire, or capital, had been moved (1664) from Schodac, near Albany, eastward to what is now Stockbridge, Mass. The complete subjection and dispersal of the Mahican were hastened by the firearms provided to their enemies by the Dutch. Some of the Mahican moved west to join the Delaware, with whom they afterward moved to the Ohio region (where the Mahican refugees lost their identity). Others placed themselves under the protection of the Iroquois Confederacy in S central New York. Those remaining in Massachusetts joined the Massachusetts Stockbridge; other Mahican descendants live in Connecticut and Wisconsin.


See A. Skinner, Notes on Mahikan Ethnology (1925).

References in periodicals archive ?
Mohawks, Mahicans, French, and English were regular visitors to Fort Orange, and their presence kept the Dutch village's attention focused as much on the interior of North America as on the Atlantic basin connecting them to the Dutch republic.
The Esopus settlers saw Fort Orange alcohol traders as detrimental to their survival and Fort Orange and Rensselaerswijck residents felt removed from the events in Esopus as most of their dealings with the native population involved the Mohawks and the Mahicans.
For the widow of Salisbury, see Deed from Certain Mahicans to Robert Livingston, July 18, 1683, ERA, 2:190-92.
Stuyvesant to the Magistrates of Fort Orange, July 12, 1663, NYCD, 13:277-78; La Montagne and Jeremias van Rensselaer to Stuyvesant, July 28, 1663, NYCD, 13:28; Meeting with Mohawks and Mahicans, November 1663, NYCD, 13:310.
Whether Edwards' complex body of theology survived translation into Mahican is impossible to know, but it is clear that Edwards believed it was possible to convey essential doctrine and for his Indian congregants to attain a saving faith, for among the surviving manuscripts is a collection of six Indian professions of faith.
At the time of Edwards' installation, there were roughly 250 Housatonic Mahicans and a handful of Mohawk Indians in residence.
31) See for example, Document 50 "The Great Treaty of 1722 Between the Five Nations, the Mahicans, and the Colonies of New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania" in B.
The broad rubric "Mohican" includes two large groups of Eastern Indians, the Mahicans (Mohican or Stockbridge) and the Mohegans (including the Pequot, Niantic, Metoac or Montauk, and Narragansett).
886 Living upon Hope: Mahicans and Missionaries, 1730-1760
Albany was located at the conjunction of two vital native groups, the Algonquian-speaking Mahicans and the Iroquoian Mohawks.