Mahmoud Abbas

(redirected from Mahmud Abbas)

Abbas, Mahmoud

(mäkhmo͞od` äbäs`, mämo͞od`), 1935–, Palestinian leader, also known as Abu Mazen. He was born in Saffed, Palestine (now in Israel), but his family fled during the 1948–49 Arab-Israeli conflict and lived in Syria. Educated at Damascus Univ. and Moscow Oriental College, Abbas helped found Al Fatah and held nonmilitary positions in the group under Yasir ArafatArafat, Yasir or Yasser
, 1929–2004, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the coordinating body for Palestinian organizations, and head of Al Fatah, the largest group in the PLO.
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. A Palestinian negotiator on the Oslo Accords and in subsequent talks with Israel, he became deputy chairman of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO) in 1996 and briefly served as Palestinian AuthorityPalestinian Authority
(PA) or Palestinian National Authority,
interim self-government body responsible for areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip under Palestinian control.
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 (PA) prime minister in 2003, resigning after clashing with Arafat over control of the security forces. Regarded as a pragmatist, Abbas has called for an end to armed struggle against Israel, saying that the Palestinians are outgunned and cannot win.

Abbas was chosen as PLO chairman and the leader of Al Fatah following Arafat's death in 2004, and was elected president of the PA in 2005. The 2006 election of a HamasHamas
[Arab., = zeal], Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, a Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist organization that was founded in 1987 during the Intifada; it seeks to establish an Islamic state in Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip (the former
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 majority in the PA legislature led to a standoff between Abbas and the Hamas government over recognizing Israel and over control of the security forces, resulting in a government that was unable to function and tensions that at times erupted into fighting between Hamas and Al Fatah. In early 2007 both groups agreed to form a power-sharing government, but Abbas dissolved the government after Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June, 2007, and appointed an emergency government with no Hamas members. In 2009 Abbas indicated he would not seek a second term, but the PLO voted (2010) to extend his PA presidency indefinitely when it and Hamas could not agree on an election date. He was reelected as leader of Al Fatah in 2016. Attempts since 2007 to establish a PLO-Hamas unity government have not been successful.

References in periodicals archive ?
Palestinian Authority chief Mahmud Abbas hinted he opts to step downif current peace negotiationsfail, a spokesman for the Palestinian National Council (PNC) said Thursday.
Summary: Ramallah:The Fatah movement of Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas on Sunday welcomed comments from rival Hamas .
Summary: Ramallah, Jumada Al-Awwal 16, 1432, April 20, 2011, SPA -- Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas heads to Paris on Wednesday to seek advice and support from European leaders on the potential creation of a Palestinian state this year.
Palestinian Authority chief Mahmud Abbas hinted he opts to step down if current peace negotiations fail, a spokesman for the Palestinian National Council (PNC) said Thursday.
Summary: Palestine: Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas returned to the West Bank on Sunday after winning upgraded .
14, 2011, SPA -- His Majesty Qabus Ibn Saeid, the Sultan of Oman, received here today the Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas.
Summary: Palestine: Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal on Monday told Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas that his movement .
Summary: The Palestinian leadership on Saturday called on president Mahmud Abbas to quit US-backed peace negotiations over Israeli settlement construction
Summary: Washington, Ramadan 21, 1431/AUG 31, 2010, SPA -- Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas arrived here today in response to an invitation extended to him by the US administration.
Summary: Ramallah: Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas hopes a Gaza truce will be announced Wednesday before US .
Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, January 04, 2010 (SPA) -- Egyptian President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak and the visiting Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas today held talks in Sharm El-Sheikh during which they discussed on-going peace efforts.
Palestinian: Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas will lead an interim national consensus government to prepare for upcoming elections, under an agreement signed on Monday in the Qatari capital.