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Mahmud I(mämo͞od`, mä`mo͞od), 1696–1754, Ottoman sultan (1730–54), son of Mustafa IIMustafa II,
1664–1703, Ottoman sultan (1695–1703), nephew and successor of Ahmed II. The grand vizier (chief executive officer) of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Husayn Köprülü, exercised the actual rule.
..... Click the link for more information. , nephew and successor of Ahmed IIIAhmed III,
1673–1736, Ottoman sultan (1703–30), brother and successor of Mustafa II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). He gave asylum to Charles XII of Sweden and to Mazepa after Peter the Great of Russia had defeated (1709) them at Poltava.
..... Click the link for more information. . A revolt of the JanissariesJanissaries
[Turk.,=recruits], elite corps in the service of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). It was composed of war captives and Christian youths pressed into service; all the recruits were converted to Islam and trained under the strictest discipline.
..... Click the link for more information. put him on the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). Affairs of state were largely in the capable hands of the Nubian agha [officer], Beshir (1653–1746), who was the power behind a number of successive grand viziers (chief executive officers). During Mahmud's reign, the Ottoman Empire was involved in wars with Persia. War with Russia broke out in 1736. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VICharles VI,
1685–1740, Holy Roman emperor (1711–40), king of Bohemia (1711–40) and, as Charles III, king of Hungary (1712–40); brother and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I. Charles was the last Holy Roman emperor of the direct Hapsburg line.
..... Click the link for more information. entered the war in 1737 on the Russian side, but by the separate peace of Belgrade (1739) he restored N Serbia to Turkey. Mahmud was succeeded by his brother, Osman III.