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(mī`do͞o), Native North Americans belonging to the Penutian linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 19th cent. they were located on the eastern tributaries of the Sacramento River. Maidu culture was typical of the California area: the people lived in brush shelters, gathered acorns, and practiced the spirit-impersonating Kuksu religion. Of the three divisions of the Maidu—valley, foothill, and mountain groups—the valley group, or Nisenan, were the most prosperous and culturally developed. The Maidu numbered about 9,000 in the late 18th cent. In 1990 there were some 2,000 Maidu in the United States, most of them living on several reservations in California with other Native American groups.


See A. L. Kroeber, Valley Nisenan (1929); R. L. Beals, Ethnology of the Nisenan (1933).

References in periodicals archive ?
Traditions of Subversion and the Subversion of Tradition: Cultural Criticism in Maidu Clown Performances".
Memory and imagination: the legacy of Maidu Indian artist Frank Day [cited 2003 February 19].
Although the great majority of writers characterize their relationship as a friendship, members of the Maidu and other Northern California Tribal Nations lobbied the Smithsonian Institution in the late 1990s for the return of Ishi's brain that had been removed and sent to Washington for scientific study after his death in March 1916, despite his wishes not to be mutilated postmortem.
These groups contain descendants of a larger Yana culture to which Ishi's Yahi belonged, as well as the Maidu.
Greenberg counted small samples of 1000 each for Hausa, Klamath, Coos, Yurok, Chiricahua, and Maidu (Greenberg 1966).
We see the potential for a small number of Greenfield gaming projects to move forward over the next year, including plans by the Shinnecock Nation in Long Island, NY, Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe in southeast Massachusetts, as well as the Cowlitz Tribe near Portland, OR, Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians in northern California, and North Fork Rancheria of Mono Indians near Fresno, CA.
Tenders are invited for 1)Proposed to Installation of Electric line,poll & street light from Mani house to Maidu Kaka house in ward no 02, 2)Installation of Electric line,poll & Street light from Masjid road to Chowdeshwari temple in ward no 03 at TP JOG_KARGAL limits.
Illustrated with some 200 color photographs, this book by basketry researchers Shanks and Shanks appears to be aimed at those who wish to be able to recognize, appreciate, and distinguish between baskets of the Pomo, Ohlone, Coast Miwok, Esselen, Huchnom, Lake Miwok, Maidu, Nomlaki, Patwin, Plains Miwok, Sierra Miwok, Wappo, and Yuki people of California.
In hoping to visit the area, it is in conversation with Johnston that he learns that local Maidu Indians were attempting to recover Ishi's ashes from a cemetery in the San Francisco Bay area so that they could be reburied properly in Yahi territory beneath Mount Lassen.
It is Mountain Maidu, and it was once spoken by some two to three thousand California Indians who lived in the northern Sierra Nevada.
It's a spot layered in history, from the Maidu Indian grinding stones to the brick grave markers etched in Cantonese to the Mohawk gold mine that tunnels under the surface.
The Greenville Rancheria of Maidu Indians has submitted a proposal to partner with the city and buy land at the Oxnard Factory Outlets for a 24-hour casino.