Maikop


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Maikop:

see MaykopMaykop
, city (1989 pop. 149,000), capital of Adygey Republic, Krasnodar Territory, S European Russia, at the foot of the Greater Caucasus and on the Belaya River. It has machinery, lumber, and food-processing industries.
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, Russia.

Maikop

 

(from the Adygei word Myequape, “valley of apple trees”), a city and the center of Adygei Autonomous Oblast (part of Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR). It is situated on the right bank of the Belaia River, a tributary of the Kuban’, on the Tuapse-Ust’-Labinsk highway. Maikop has a railroad station on a siding of the Armavir-Tuapse line. Population, 122,000 (1973; 34,000 in 1897, 45,000 in 1926, 56,000 in 1939, 82,000 in 1959).

Founded as a Russian fortress on May 17, 1857, Maikop became the chief town of a district in 1870. Soviet power was established on Jan. 8 (21), 1918, but the city was seized by White Guards on Sept. 7, 1918. Soviet power was reestablished on Mar. 21-22, 1920, when units of the First Cavalry and partisans entered Maikop. During the prewar five-year plans Maikop was transformed from a remote provincial city with domestic and semidomestic enterprises into an industrial and cultural center. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Maikop was occupied by fascist German troops from Aug. 10, 1942, to Jan. 29, 1943, and was severely damaged by them. Maikop was fully restored during the first postwar five-year plan.

Food-processing is the city’s leading branch of industry (more than 37 percent of gross output); there are meat, dairy, and food combines as well as canneries and distilleries. Timber, paper, and wood-products enterprises account for 18.5 percent of gross output (furniture, parquet, pressed sawdust, cardboard boxes, wooden crates for produce). There are plants for the production of timber-rafting equipment, communications equipment, metalcutting lathes, and other equipment. Light industry accounts for more than 28 percent of gross output; there are binder-twine, rope, garment, and footwear factories and a tanning extracts plant. Maikop has a hydroelectric power plant. The city has a pedagogical institute and six secondary specialized educational institutions (road engineering, wood-products, and agricultural technicums and medical, pedagogical, and musical schools). Other educational and cultural institutions include the Adygeian Scientific Research Institute of Economics, Language, Literature, and History; a museum of history and local lore; and a dramatic theater.

REFERENCE

Kossovich, P. F., M. Z. Amazatova, and S. N. Malykh. Maikop (Kratkii istoricheskii ocherk). Maikop, 1957.

L. ASHKHAMAKHOVA

Maikop

a city in SW Russia, capital of the Adygei Republic: extensive oilfields to the southwest; mineral springs. Pop.: 165 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
700-400 BC 38 Bronze Age Classical Koban 1000-700 BC Early Koban 1300-1000 BC 182 North Caucasian 2000-1400/1300 BC 107 Maikop 3500-2000 BC 32 Aeneolithic 5000-3500 BC 2
Both of these fields are operated by our joint venture partner Chornomornaftogaz and produce natural gas and condensate from sediments of Maikop and Lower Paleocene age.
Open Competition: Carrying Out Works To Establish Roadside Strips Of Highways Of Federal Importance, Refer Them To The Area And Entering Information About Them In The State Cadastre Of Real Estate For The Project A-159 Access Road From Maikop To The Caucasus State Biosphere Reserve 8+ Km 000 - Km 85+ 150 [beaucoup plus grand que]
The production of such pottery continued in the north-western Caucasus into the Early Maikop period during the fourth millennium BC; (E) early Kura-Arax pottery, including burnished cups and jars with black external surface and light (pink or orange) interior which often have semi-globular handles.
Address : The Russian Federation, 385000, Rep Adygea, Maikop g Krasnooktyabrskaya 15 -
Sometimes they would contain imports not even present in the centres such as the famous Maikop burials from the late fourth millennium Uruk expansion (Chernykh 1992: chapters 3-5, Figures 17 and 31; Sherratt 1997/1991).
Open Competition: Development of design documentation for repair existing network of public roads of federal significance: The road A-160 Maikop, Labinsk-Korenovsk km 14 + 000 - 17 + 000, the Republic of Adygea
The first phase may have been a grave of the Early Bronze Age Maikop Culture which was destroyed by later graves.
In the same area a barrow grave of the Novosvobodnaya phase of the younger Maikop culture near Krasnodar must be somewhat older (Rezepkin 1992: 64, figure 5).
Open Competition: Design and survey works on the project: Overhaul of the culvert over the stream at km 41 + 505 of the road P-217 Kavkaz highway M-4 Don -Vladikavkaz- Grozny-Makhachkala-border with the Republic of Azerbaijan, Entrance to the city Maikop