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(mīmŏn`ĭdēz) or

Moses ben Maimon

(mī`mən), 1135–1204, Jewish scholar, physician, and philosopher, the most influential Jewish thinker of the Middle Ages, b. Córdoba, Spain, d. Cairo. He is sometimes called Rambam, from the initials of the words Rabbi Moses ben Maimon. His organization and systemization of the corpus of Jewish oral law, is called the Mishneh Torah [the Torah Reviewed], known in English as the Strong Hand, and is still used as a standard compilation of halakahhalakah
or halacha
[Heb.,=law], in Judaism, the body of law regulating all aspects of life, including religious ritual, familial and personal status, civil relations, criminal law, and relations with non-Jews.
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. He also produced a number of discourses on legal topics; a work on logic; a treatise on the calendar; and several medical books, including an important work on hygiene. His great philosophical work is the Moreh Nevukhim (1190, tr., Guide for the Perplexed, 1963), written in Arabic, in which he explained the esoteric ideas in the Bible, formulated a proof of the existence of God, expounded the principles of creation, and elucidated baffling metaphysical and religious problems. The Moreh Nevukhim, which reflects Maimonides's great knowledge of Aristotelian philosophy and attempts to reconcile it with the tenets of Jewish theology, dominated Jewish thought, helped introduce Aristotle to medieval Christian philosophers, and has exerted a profound influence upon Christian thinkers.


See biographies by S. Zeitlin (2d ed. 1955), A. J. Heschel (1981), and M. Halbertal (2013); studies by J. Melber (1968), M. Fox (1990), and S. B. Nuland (2005).



(Moses ben Maimon). Born Mar. 30, 1135, in Córdoba; died Dec. 13, 1204, in Fustat, near Cairo. Jewish philosopher of the Middle Ages.

In 1148, Maimonides left Spain because of the Almohad dynasty’s persecution of Jews; he lived in Morocco and Palestine, settling in Egypt in 1165. In 1187 he became a court physician to Sultan Saladin of Cairo. Maimonides’ chief philosophical work, Guide of the Perplexed, was published in Arabic in Egypt in 1190 and subsequently translated into Hebrew and Latin (a Russian translation is in S. N. Grigorian’s Iz istoriifilosofii Srednei Azii i Irana 7-12 vv., 1960).

Maimonides is the most outstanding representative of Jewish philosophy of the Middle Ages. He based his system on the teachings of Aristotle as interpreted by Arab thinkers. By synthesizing revelation and speculation, the Bible and Aristotle, Maimonides went beyond the limits of orthodoxy; his rationalism and “purification” of truth from miracle brought him the enmity of the adherents to religious tradition. He exerted an influence on the development of Scholasticism in the 13th-15th centuries, particularly influencing the medieval Aristotelians Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940. Pages 454-57.
Moses ben Maimon: Sein Leben, seine Werke und sein Einfluss, vols. 1-2. Leipzig, 1908-14.
Bamberger, F. Das System des Maimonides. Berlin, 1935.
Sarachek, J. Faith and Reason: The Conflict Over the Rationalism of Maimonides. Williamsport, Pa., 1935.
Baeck, L. Maimonides. Diisseldorf, 1954.
Silver, D. J. Maimonidean Criticism and Maimonidean Controversy, 1180-1240. Leiden, 1965.
Zac, S. Maimonide. Paris, 1965.



also called Rabbi Moses ben Maimon. 1135--1204, Jewish philosopher, physician, and jurist, born in Spain. He codified Jewish law in Mishneh Torah (1180)
References in periodicals archive ?
His incisive and erudite, though highly controversial, reading of Maimonides challenges scholars of liberalism in particular to explore the equivalence of premodern Maimonidean skepticism with Hobbes's approach to moral skepticism, the wholly inscrutable God, and the profound concern about nonstate actors' claims to have privileged knowledge of the Deity.
Botwinick argues that Thomas Hobbes appropriates key Maimonidean motifs, thereby extending the scope and power of skeptical doctrine.
Three of the central chapters of the book are taken up with various aspects of the error view of idolatry, in particular the way in which the Enlightenment in effect pushed Maimonidean arguments against folk religion a stage further, making out that all positive statements about God involved error (p.
44) The Maimonidean monarch possesses wide powers with respect to the preservation of society, especially with regard to the offense of bloodshed which Maimonides regards as the gravest threat to civilized life.
61) Having said this, for some reason, in a number of cases, Abravanel does speak of prophecy in Maimonidean rationalistic terms.
5) For bibliographies of the research and commentary on Maimonides' approaches to providence and the Book of Job, see Israel Jacob Dienstag, "Maimonides on Providence--Bibliography," Daat 20 (Winter 1988): 17-28; the entries for Guide III:17-23 and 51, and for III:22-23 in the bibliographical appendix of ST, 684; the sources referred to in Dov Schwartz, "The Debate over the Maimonidean Theory of Providence in Thirteenth-Century Jewish Philosophy," Jewish Studies Quarterly 2, no.
Maimonides, the Great Healer" In Maimonidean Studies, edited by Arthur Hyman and Alfred Ivry.
It is more than the Maimonidean framework by which gentiles connect to the way of life that earns them personal salvation in the world to come.
And then, 13-year-old Ron, pale and thin, the weeks of utter grief after his soccer teammate Gil dies in a bus bombing, and the books of Maimonidean philosophy and Kabbalah that begin to pile up in the boy's room.
More than a few times in the book Stroumsa hints at a kind of (familiar) scholarly distanciation in the Maimonidean approach.
1410) continued some of the same themes of the earlier philosopher and poet Judah Halevi (1074-1141), by arguing against Maimonidean intellectualism.
34) Having shown Maimonides' great spirit in emancipating reason from all authority, Ahad Ha-Am adds a postscript in which he, in Maimonidean style, attempts to posit the supremacy of the national sentiment.