Maine de Biran


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Maine de Biran

(mĕn də bēräN`), 1766–1824, French philosopher, member of the Council of Five Hundred (1797), and councilor of state (1816). His real name was Marie François Pierre Gonthier de Biran. Although interested in the theories of Condillac and the ideologues, he was unable to accept Condillac's view of knowledge as derived solely from sensation. Maine de Biran emphasized the importance of inner consciousness of the self, finding the basis of morality in the consciousness of volitional activity. He later inclined toward mysticism. His writings were collected as Œuvres inédites de Maine de Biran (1859).

Bibliography

See studies by P. P. Hallie (1959) and F. C. T. Moore (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, insisting that the often marginalized Maine de Biran is their equal, and a pioneering figure for the whole of nineteenth-century idealism must be approved and applauded.
20) Le point de depart de toute appreciation du monde de la premiere personne est en toute rigueur la notion du corps propre introduite par Maine de Biran aux 18e et 19e siecles.
This challenge to the Cartesian project is traced further through the works of Rousseau, Condillac, and Maine de Biran, but once he reaches the mid-nineteenth century Heller-Roazen shifts the focus of his 'archaeology' from the terrain of philosophy to that of medical science.
Already in the nineteenth century, as a backlash to this crass materialism (as Marx called it), Maine de Biran turned against Condillac through his analysis of introspection, free will, and subjective causality, inaugurating a spiritualist (or now called personalist) tradition from Ravaisson, through Lachelier, Boutroux, Bergson, and then intertwining with Kierkegaard, Husserl, Scheler, Buber, Marcel, Jaspers, Mounier, Maritain, Heidegger, Levinas, Ricoeur, Gadamer, and so forth.
Benjamin Gillikin, General Manager, Didier Maine de Biran, Marketing

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