Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic

 

the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.

REFERENCES

Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Mairi, 55, added: "I'm already halfway through my second book and I hope it won't be the last.
Now extraordinarily rare, Lady Mairi acquired several examples, including one decorated with an elephant in a kilt, which is estimated at pounds 12,000-14,000, while one of the great rarities of the entire pictorial series - and the finer of the two known - the Robert Burns envelope, with a black Maltese Cross cancellation, is estimated at pounds 8,000-10,000.
30am and Lady Mairi would wander around with a parrot on her shoulder - everything about her was different and people were absolutely devoted to her.
Above: The 'Quiney letter' the only known surviving letter written to Shakespeare; Sylvia Morris (Head of Shakespeare collections) and Mairi Macdonald (Head of Local Collections) of the Shakespeare Centre Library and Archive
Mairi, who was one of scores of aspiring writers who entered our nationwide search for Scotland's great unpublished novel, admits her only regret is not being able to tell her mum Betty, who died in 1996.
Mairi Holden, 34, from Edinburgh Mairi Holden, 34, from Edinburgh would eat huge meals and then tuck into cream cakes and crisps at night.
Mairi Mackay said: "Thanks are expressed to those who gave so generously of their money and time.
WARWICKSHIRE schoolgirl Mairi Ella Challen is on speaking terms with the White Rabbit, the Mad Hatter and Tweedldee and Tweedledum after Hollywood film director Tim Burton picked her to appear in new movie block-kbuster Alice In Wonderland.
Set on Tory Island, the movie tells the story of a woman named Mairi who nurtures a lonely orphan and teaches him to discover the magic in nature and himself.
Can you tell me about Gay Mairi, a filly trained by Gerry Laurence, who died while watching her win at Ayr in 1961?
The Davy Lamp Folk Club will be presenting David Francis and Mairi Campbell at 8pm on Saturday in the Washington Arts Centre.
Little Duncan Ewen's parents Mairi and Kenny feared he would spend the rest of his life locked in a world of his own.