Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
WHEN Mairi Holden looks in the mirror WHEN Mairi Holden looks in the mirror she can hardly believe the svelte she can hardly believe the svelte reflection staring back belongs to her.
Stylist Charly Wills decided Mairi would look fantastic with a 60s beehive and set her elbow-length hair in heated rollers.
Single Mairi - who has two daughters Kirsty, 17, and Mica, 12 - contacted the manufacturers Church and Dwight to complain.
Mairi said: "I'm brave enough to still go to the dentist and they say they're horrified at what he's done to me.
Mother and baby are now home and doing well, but Mairi admitted: "It wasn't exactly what I planned.
Mairi, who rescued collie-lurcher cross Betty from a dog home eight years ago, was determined her pet would accompany them.
But Mairi, mother of his baby son, fumed: "So you did tip her and you do recognise her from the picture in the paper.
Mairi, a pupil at West Calder High School, joined young explorers from around the UK on the trip to the Tien Shan, one of the world's least visited mountain ranges.
And bride Mairi, 32, a physiotherapist in Callander, Perthshire, ditched the traditional wedding gown for thermal leggings with a lace and tartan garter.
Mairi's story AN accident with a car door caused Mairi Cameron to visit her doctor - and led to the diagnosis which changed her life.
uk To associate your brand with our event or if you would like more information on tickets contact Mairi Cotter on 0141 309 4909 or mairi.
Mammal ecologist Mairi Cole said: "Forest design is the most practical and long-term way to preserve the species.