Maironis


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Maironis

 

(pseudonym of Jonas Mačiulis). Born Oct. 21 (Nov. 2), 1862, in Pasandravys, present-day Raseiniai Raion; died June 28, 1932, in Kaunas. Lithuanian poet.

Maironis was the son of well-to-do peasants. In 1892 he graduated from the St. Petersburg Theological Academy, where he became a professor; he later was appointed rector of the Kaunas Theological Seminary. Maironis took part in the nationalist movement on the side of the clerical wing of the Lithuanian bourgeoisie.

In his collection of lyrical poems entitled Voices of Spring (1895), Maironis, a representative of romanticism in Lithuanian literature, vividly reflected the hopes of the common people for national liberation; he lauded in verse the natural beauty of Lithuania and idealized its historical past. In his satires To My School Friends (1895) and Don’t Care a Fig (1895), Maironis ridiculed bourgeois officials. In his narrative poems Through Suffering to Glory (1895; second variant published in 1907 as Young Lithuania) and Our Tribulations (1920) he depicted the nationalist movement as a single current. He wrote ballads, for example, “Čičnskas” (1919) and “Jūratė and Kastytis” (1920); his opera librettos include The Marriage of the Unlucky Dangute (1927; published 1930); and among his verse dramas are The Death of Kestutis (1921), Vytautas Among the Crusaders (1925), and Vytautas the King (1930). Maironis reasserted syllabic versification in Lithuanian poetry.

WORKS

Raštai, vols. 1-5. Kaunas, 1926-30.
Rinktiniai raštai, vols. 1-2. Vilnius, 1956.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1949.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCE

Lietuvių literatūres istorija, vol. 2. Vilnius, 1958.
Zaborskaitė, V. Maironis. Vilnius, 1968.

L. GINEITIS

References in periodicals archive ?
She also enjoyed many fine cultural events as a member of the Lithuanian Charitable Society at Maironis Park and enjoyed vacations at the Franciscan Lithuanian Guest House in Kennebunkport, Maine.
Bzozovskis' carte-de-visite with the date of 1883 is in the photographic album of Maironis (pseudonym of Jonas Maciulis) (see Maironio Lietuviu Literaturos Muziejus (henceforth MLLM), MD 2784/15; and with the date 1881; MLLM, MD 2710/9)).
It should be mentioned that, next to popular entertainment, a classic poet Maironis enjoyed abundant visitors' attention.
Nineteenth century historian Simonas Daukantas, Vincas Kudirka, the author of the Lithuanian anthem, linguist Jonas Jablonskis who created the Lithuanian standard language, Catholic priest and poet Maironis (real name Jonas Maciulis), philosopher Vydunas (real name Vilhelmas Storosta), Steponas Darius wearing his pilot's cap and known from the 10 litas banknote, who together with Stasys Girenas died in a plane crash in Prussia flying directly from New York to Kaunas--all of them also stand in the crowd of nudes.
Mekas's "The Idyls of Semeniskiai" notes that Mekas's poetry has elements similar to those contained in the well-known Lithuanian poets Donelaitis, Baranauskas, and Maironis.
A celebration of his life will follow at Maironis Park on South Quinsigamond Ave in Shrewsbury.
At first with LKDP that has one-hundred-year traditions (established in 1904 by the initiatives of Professor Adomas Dambrauskas-Jakstas, Maironis and Pranciskus Bucys in Petrapilis spiritual Academy).
Services to be provided and adapted to the system software and computer equipment to be installed, tested contracting system stay at Maironis g.
She was a member of the Lithuanian Charitable Society- Maironis Park and was a member of the former St.
She served many years as reporting secretary for the Lithuanian Charitable Society - Maironis Park.