Makassarese


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Makassarese

 

a people living in the southwestern part of the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Population, 1.2 million (1970, estimate).

The Makassarese language, which has a historical and poetic literature, belongs to the Indonesian languages. The Makassarese profess Islam. Anthropologically, the Makassarese belong to the Southern Mongoloid race. They probably migrated from the western islands of Indonesia or from the Asian continent at the beginning of the second millennium A.D. States, evidently of the early feudal type, took shape among the Makassarese as early as the 15th century. The chief occupations of the Makassarese are farming, fishing, and trade.

REFERENCE

Narody lugo- Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Old Buginese and Makassarese diaries', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Landen Volkenkunde 122:416-28.
The tableaux, below, show how this follows in Makassarese from the ranking of DEP-V-features >> INTEGRITY >> DEP-C-features:
In a study of marriage politics, David Bulbeck shows that alternative forms of succession also encouraged competitive claims to title in the Makassarese kingdom of Gowa.
Ethnic Bugis, Makassarese, and Sama Bajau traders frequented these islands and would have been major carriers of such cloth to Southeast Seram, Tidore, or directly to the Bird's Head.
The reason for this was the tripartite struggle for mastery over the north coast of East Timor between the Makassarese, the Portuguese, and the Dutch.
Irsyad Sudiro, a Javanese and the speaker of Golkar faction in the DPR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat), was replaced by Habibie's crony Andi Mattalata, a Makassarese (Stanley 1999, p.
Eventually surrendering to the Company, he and his followers joined another group of Makassarese troops in the Company's defence of Cirebon against Bantam.
The seventeenth century also saw the westward migrations of Bugis and Makassarese from southern Sulawesi towards the littorals of the Java Sea, the South China Sea, and the Straits of Melaka and Sunda.
After the Makassar War (1666-1669), during which the Wajorese had allied themselves to the Makassarese kingdom of Gowa against the neighboring kingdom of Bone under the pro-voc ruler Arung Palakka (1634-1696), many of the defeated Wajorese left and settled elsewhere in the archipelago.
4) The predominantly Muslim Lombok, which had been loosely affiliated to the Makassarese sphere of interest in the seventeenth century, was gradually brought under Balinese authority in the period prior to 1748, when a number of local princes left their island and fled to Sumbawa.
1400-1511 CE), along the Straits of Melaka; the eastern Javanese kingdom of Majapahit (late thirteenth to early sixteenth century CE); and the Makassarese twin kingdoms of Gowa-Tallo (sixteenth to eighteenth century CE) in the southwest peninsula of Sulawesi.
In 1980, Aspar Paturusi claimed that the production of Opa in Jakarta in 1976 had in fact incorporated elements of angngaru and mabbadong, two cultural forms from Makassarese and Torajan cultures.