Nestor Makhno

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Makhno, Nestor Ivanovich

 

Born Oct. 17 (29), 1889, in Guliaipole, now in Zaporozh’e Oblast; died July 6, 1934, in Paris. One of the leaders of petit bourgeois counterrevolution in the Ukraine from 1918 to 1921 during the Civil War. Son of a peasant.

Makhno graduated from a parochial school. During the Revolution of 1905-07 he joined an anarchist group and took part in terrorist actions and “expropriations.” In 1909 he was sentenced to death for killing a police official, but the sentence was reduced to ten years of hard labor, because he was still a minor. He served his sentence in Butyrskaia Prison in Moscow, where he became a convinced anarchist. Set free by the February Revolution of 1917, he went to Guliaipole and in April 1918 organized an anarchist armed detachment. This unit began guerrilla warfare against the Austro-German occupiers and the hetman’s authorities and won great popularity among the peasantry.

Makhno was noted for his cruelty, despite his personal bravery. In 1919 and 1920 he fought against the White Guards and the followers of Petliura as well as against the Red Army. Three times he made an alliance with Soviet power, and three times he violated his agreements and rose in rebellion. In 1921 his units degenerated into nothing more than robbers and oppressors. On Aug. 26, 1921, he fled to Rumania, moving to Poland in 1922 and then to Paris in 1923, where he worked as a cobbler and printer. He wrote two volumes of memoirs that were filled with hatred toward Soviet power.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Makhno period also saw a major typhus epidemic, which was thought to have been spread by lice from the bodies of the soldiers.
While the principal contestants in the civil war were the White and Red armies, a third force which became the scourge of the Mennonite communities was the Anarchist group led by Nestor Makhno.
Contact details for journalists only: Tatiana Makhno, UAIR Executive director +380-44-360-4002 executive(at)ua-ir.
CONTACT: Tatiana Makhno, UAIR Executive director, +380-44-360-4002, executive(at)ua-ir.
Especially the banditry, plunder, rape and killing under Nestor Makhno, followed by the exile and execution of many Mennonite leaders, were seen as the height of Mennonite tragedy in that country.
The main goals and major projects of UAIR were presented by UAIR executive director Tatiana Makhno.
The emphasis is on the political and military vicissitudes the movement underwent and on the motivations and thought processes of the Makhnovists shifting alliances and strategies and therefore treats the life of Nestor Makhno in a relatively perfunctory fashion.
West in the Land of the Bolsheviks (1924) lampoon the Ukranian anarchist Nestor Makhno, while the ruthless suppression of the Kronstadt rebellion of 1921 is approvingly related in Samson Samsonov's Optimistic Tragedy (1963).
Judge YEVGENY MAKHNO resigned after a video become an internet sensation because it showed him nodding off in his chair during a trial in Blagoveshchensk, eastern Russia.
Eikhenbaum), an influential historian of anarchism and adviser to Nestor Makhno.
Abad, Poet, professor emeritus of literature and creative writing (Philippines)• Vasyl Makhno, Poet (Ukraine/USA)• Vincent O'Sullivan, Poet (New Zealand)• Joy Harjo, Poet and musician (Mvskoke Nation, USA)• Gioconda Belli, Poet and novelist (Nicaragua)• Francisco de Asis Fernandez, Poet and President of the International Poetry Festival, Nicaragua (Nicaragua)• Gloria Gabuardi, Poet (Nicaragua)• Alexandra Buchler, Director of Literature Across Frontiers (Czech Republic/UK)• Nora Atalla, poete, romanciere et nouvelliste (Quebec, Canada)• Moya Cannon, Poet (Irland)• Michele Blanchet, poete de Quebec (Canada)• Nyein Way, Poet, Performance artist and educator (Myanmar)• Max.
Yevgeny Makhno stepped down this week after a video of him sleeping during a fraud trial last summer went viral, the Daily Mail reported.