Strait of Malacca

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Malacca, Strait of

(məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. Chief ports include Belawan in Indonesia and MelakaMelaka
or Malacca
, state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits Settlements, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see Malaysia).
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 and Penang in Malaysia; Singapore is at the southern end of the strait. The Strait of Malacca has been controlled by the Arabs, the Dutch, the Portuguese, and the British. In the mid-19th cent. it was a haven for pirates who menaced Dutch and British traders. Piracy remained a problem in the strait into the early 2000s.

Malacca, Strait of

 

a strait between the Malay Peninsula and the island of Sumatra. It joins the Andaman Sea with the South China Sea. The strait is about 1,000 km long; the minimum width is about 40 km, and the minimum depth in the fairway is 25 m. The port of Singapore (the capital of the state of Singapore) is located near the southern entrance of the Strait of Malacca.

References in periodicals archive ?
The belt was said to reopen the links between China and Europe though the Middle East, Central Asian, South China Sea, the Malacca Strait and the Indian Ocean, to East and South Africa.
Two boats that crossed the Malacca Strait have been turned away by the Indonesian navy, and on Friday, another was towed out to sea by the Thai navy.
The six-strong fleet -- without Team Vestas Wind after they ran aground during Leg 2 -- is expected to reach its destination around January 25-26 depending on weather conditions, but first they have to navigate through the Malacca Strait.
Harry was also at the Battle of Malacca Strait when the Japanese cruiser Haguro was sunk in 1945.
Authorities believe MH370 turned left before entering Vietnamese air space and tracked along the Malacca Strait before making a southern turn at the north-west tip of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The media quoting top military authorities said the military outpost in India's Andaman and Nicobar overlooks the Malacca Strait and dominates the Six-Degree Channel.
Malaysia has extended the massive search operation for the plane to the Malacca Strait after initially focusing on the South China Sea.
Pertamina is hoping to get demand from the Malacca Strait, a key waterway between Asia and Europe which hit an all-time high for marine traffic in 2013.
The energy minister proposed that China ship its crude oil, imported from the Middle East, via Pakistan, which stretches from the Gulf of Omen in the southwest to the border with Xinjiang in China, because this path is "strategically more secure" than taking a detour via the Malacca Strait.
The vast clouds of smoke came from its neighbor to the east of the Malacca Strait, Indonesia.
The pipelines are crucial strategic links which will allow China to bypass the Malacca Strait, one of the world's busiest shipping lanes, and receive oil from the Middle East and Africa via the Indian Ocean and a port on Maday island, off the coast of Myanmar.
It has untapped natural resources and lies close to the vital chokepoint of the Malacca Strait.