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(mä'ləyä`ləm), Dravidian language of India. See Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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the language of the Malayalis, spoken in Kerala in southwestern India by more than 20 million people (1970, estimate). Malayalam belongs to the southern group of Dravidian languages and is closely related to Tamil. It lacks the category of gender and does not distinguish the categories of person and number in the finite (personal) forms of the verb. A writing system dates from the late ninth and early tenth centuries. The first important work is the poem Ramacaritam (Biography of Rama, 13th century), and the first Malayalam grammar is the Sanskrit treatise Lilatilakam (14th century). There were two literary dialects in early classical Malayalam: the Sanskritized Manipravalam and the Tamilized Misra-bhasa. In the 16th century the differences between the two dialects disappeared and a uniform literary language developed in the works of T. Ezuttacchan. Modern spoken Malayalam, comprising 12 regional dialects and a number of caste dialects, differs from the literary language.


Malaialam-russkii slovar’: Sprilozheniem kratkogo ocherka grammatiki iazyka malaialam. Moscow, 1971.
Sekhar, A. C. Evolution of Malayalam. Poona, 1953.
Andrewskutty, A. P. Intensive Course of Malayalam. Trivandrum, 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sivan's mega project Urumi, marking Prithviraj's debut as a producer, is in the process of becoming a landmark film in Malayalam.
This is for the first time Amitabh Bachchan gives a presence in Malayalam cinema," said Lal.
The band made its foray into films last year with the hit Malayalam flick Salt• Pepper .
Even though my film was produced in Malayalam, the language has never been a barrier to the appreciation of the film by people who love the cinema which holds the mirror to life and the reality around us," he said.
KP Appan's impact on Malayalam literature is manifold.
Malayalam edition will focus mainly on the NRI Market in the Gulf and South East Asia and to the browsers in Kerala.
Malayalam superstar Mammootty has also assured his support to Rasheed via a social media post.
The film is based on a literary work with the same name, written by Paul Zacharia, a Malayalam short story writer.
I understand a new Malayalam University will start functioning from November 1, 2012 at Tirur and will be dedicated to the study of Malayalam linguistics, literature, performing arts, visual arts and architecture, cultural anthropology and cultural and intellectual heritage studies among others," added President.
Every year, we confer the award on an eminent personality of Kerala, who has contributed significantly in either the film industry, literature or art, and this year we have decided to award Mukesh in recognition for his contribution to Malayalam cinema," Bhaskaran added.
works in Malayalam, English, and Hindi edited by him.
Summary: E-Vision, the cable TV arm of Etisalat today announced an agreement with Symphony TV whereby Symphony would provide four hours of the best in Malayalam content to the e-Masala channel.