Malcolm III


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Related to Malcolm III: Duncan I, Malcolm IV

Malcolm III

(Malcolm Canmore), d. 1093, king of Scotland (1057–93), son of Duncan I; successor to MacbethMacbeth
, d. 1057, king of Scotland (1040–57). He succeeded his father as governor of the province of Moray c.1031 and was a military commander for Duncan I. In 1040 he killed Duncan in battle and seized the throne.
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 (d. 1057). It took him some years after Macbeth's death to regain the boundaries of his father's kingdom. About 1068, Edgar AthelingEdgar Atheling
[O.E. ætheling,=son of the king], 1060?–1125?, English prince, grandson of Edmund Ironside. After the death of King Harold at the battle of Hastings in 1066, Edgar was chosen king, but he submitted to William I in the same year.
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, pretender to the English throne, took refuge with Malcolm, who soon married Edgar's sister Margaret (see Margaret of Scotland, SaintMargaret of Scotland, Saint,
d. 1093, queen consort of Malcolm III and sister of Edgar Atheling. She was married to Malcolm c.1070. A deeply religious woman, she worked to replace the Celtic practices of the Scottish church with those of Rome.
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). On behalf of Edgar, Malcolm invaded N England, but in 1072 William IWilliam I
or William the Conqueror,
1027?–1087, king of England (1066–87). Earnest and resourceful, William was not only one of the greatest of English monarchs but a pivotal figure in European history as well.
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 of England invaded Scotland, and Malcolm made peace with him. In the reign of William IIWilliam II
or William Rufus
, d. 1100, king of England (1087–1100), son and successor of William I. He was called William Rufus or William the Red because of his ruddy complexion.
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, Edgar joined Malcolm in his raid into England in 1091, but William forced both men to submit and to do homage. Malcolm was killed at Alnwick on still another raid into England. His frequent wars insured the independence of his kingdom, which made possible the great ecclesiastical reorganization initiated by his wife, Margaret. Malcolm was succeeded briefly by his brother Donald Bane, but later four of Malcolm's sons were kings of Scotland—Duncan II (reigned 1093–94), Edgar (reigned 1097–1107), Alexander IAlexander I,
1078?–1124, king of Scotland (1107–24), son of Malcolm III and St. Margaret of Scotland. He succeeded his brother Edgar, who had divided the kingdom so that Alexander ruled only N of the Forth and Clyde rivers, while his brother David ruled in the south.
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, and David IDavid I,
1084–1153, king of Scotland (1124–53), youngest son of Malcolm III and St. Margaret of Scotland. During the reign of his brother Alexander I, whom he succeeded, David was earl of Cumbria, ruling S of the Clyde and Forth rivers.
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. Malcolm's daughter Edith (renamed Matilda) married Henry I of England, and another daughter was mother to the wife of King Stephen of England.

Malcolm III

died 1093, king of Scotland (1057--93). He became king after Macbeth
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeing Edgar as a valuable pawn in his ongoing feud with the Conqueror, Malcolm III of Scotland took him in and later sealed the alliance by marrying Edgar's older sister, Margaret.
The long and eventful reign of Malcolm III "Canmore"["Great Chief"] (1058-93), which established the so-called "Canmore dynasty" that would rule Scotland until the death of Alexander III in 1286, brooked little opposition.
Whatever the truth, the physical evidence tells us that Aberdeen's earliest known stone church was built around the time Mortlach was established by Malcolm III.
St Margaret - the wife of 11th century Scots king Malcolm III - is credited with setting up the first ferry across the Forth.
In 1091, Malcolm Canmore or Ceann Mor, otherwise Malcolm III, invaded the North-East, rampaging through Northumberland.
Fife has been at the heart of the nation's history, evidence of which can be found in its castles, cathedrals, and palaces, including Dunfermline Palace and Abbey, with its history dating to 1070, when King Malcolm III married Queen Margaret.
The critical event in all this was the marriage of Malcolm III Canmore to (Saint) Margaret, sister of Edgar Aetheling in 1068.
In the 11th century, St Andrew's reputation was advanced by the devotion of Queen Margaret, wife of Malcolm III of Scotland, who established the Queen's Ferry over the Forth so that pilgrims could more easily reach the Shrine of St Andrew.
St Osred, another murdered king of Northumbria, was buried at Tynemouth, as was King Malcolm III of Scotland after his defeat and death at Alnwick in 1093.
The saintly wife of King Malcolm III died in the castle and the little chapel was built by her son.
Kenneth II from 971-95; Constantine II from 995-97; Kenneth III from 997-1005; Malcolm II from 1005- 34; Duncan from 1034-40; Macbeth from 1040-57; Lulach The Simple from 1057- 58; and Malcolm III from 1058-93.
Malcolm then took the throne as Malcolm III or Canmore.