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(both: măl`əsīt), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the valley of the St. John River in New Brunswick, Canada. The French settlers in this area intermarried with the Malecite, thereby forming a close alliance with the indigenous people. Hence, during the colonial wars the Malecite supported the French against the English. They now live in New Brunswick, Quebec, and Maine. In 1990 there were about 1,700 Malecite in Canada and about 900 in the United States.


See J. F. Pratson, Land of the Four Directions (1970).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Edwin Tappan Adney (1868-1950X the US-born writer, artist and linguist who spent much of the 1940s struggling to articulate a basis in law for traditional Malecite harvest practices, arrived in the Woodstock area of western New Brunswick for an initial visit as early as 1887.
It may have been with some relief that he turned to this new enthusiasm of improving the political status of the Malecite.
At just what point Adney began assembling treaty materials is unclear but he did so as an aspect of his general Malecite research and not for the (subsequent) Peter Paul case specifically.
The vast sporting literature of the late 19th century highlights the skill of Micmac and Malecite guides in particular.
It recites the tribe's long possession of the site and the Malecite wish to continue to cultivate it and make a village there.
One witness to the parlay that communicated this to the Malecite was the 16-year-old son of the Crown's representative.
Be that as it may, there is no evidence of an immediate collision between settlers and Malecite claimants, and one historian has speculated that the Malecite withdrew away from the Loyalists, into the upper St John valley.
This Lower Woodstock reserve is near and yet distinct from Medoctec, one of the principal Malecite encampment sites in traditional times.
Paul's conviction may be only an historical footnote but it brought into conjunction two ideas of great importance, Malecite dispossession and Malecite entitlement.
In 1946 Peter Paul, a Lower Woodstock Malecite, was convicted in Magistrate's Court of theft of ash saplings.
Hence the Malecite right to the St John River valley was superior to that of Crown grantees, such as the complainant in the Paul case.
52) I do not mean that Adney's manuscripts on Malecite rights were literally unknown, only practically so.