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(both: măl`əsīt), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the valley of the St. John River in New Brunswick, Canada. The French settlers in this area intermarried with the Malecite, thereby forming a close alliance with the indigenous people. Hence, during the colonial wars the Malecite supported the French against the English. They now live in New Brunswick, Quebec, and Maine. In 1990 there were about 1,700 Malecite in Canada and about 900 in the United States.


See J. F. Pratson, Land of the Four Directions (1970).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Be that as it may, there is no evidence of an immediate collision between settlers and Malecite claimants, and one historian has speculated that the Malecite withdrew away from the Loyalists, into the upper St John valley.
One witness to the parlay that communicated this to the Malecite was the 16-year-old son of the Crown's representative.
It recites the tribe's long possession of the site and the Malecite wish to continue to cultivate it and make a village there.
The vast sporting literature of the late 19th century highlights the skill of Micmac and Malecite guides in particular.
Raymond's views are particularly apt in the present context as he grew up in Lower Woodstock a near neighbour of the Malecite reserve and his early historical work was on that area, including ancient Medoctec.
One presumes that whatever ash once grew on the small Lower Woodstock Malecite reserve had long since been exhausted, so that Peter Paul would have ranged widely to find his supply.
On the morning after his arrest Paul contacted Tappan Adney, a friend then living at Upper Woodstock and a student of Malecite technology, language and culture.
Perhaps MacLauchlan accepted the Crown's submission that the reason people had not complained in the past of Malecite harvest practice was because ash was of little value, not because Malecites had any right to it.
Certainly the chief of the Malecite reserve at neighbouring Tobique, William Saulis, considered the failure to take a stand on treaty issues a calamity and wrote publicly to defend the traditional Malecite understanding:
Counselled by Tappan Adney, Saulis persuaded Paul that a precedent so damaging to the Malecite livelihood must be appealed.
Edwin Tappan Adney (1868-1950X the US-born writer, artist and linguist who spent much of the 1940s struggling to articulate a basis in law for traditional Malecite harvest practices, arrived in the Woodstock area of western New Brunswick for an initial visit as early as 1887.
It may have been with some relief that he turned to this new enthusiasm of improving the political status of the Malecite.