Malingering


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Related to Malingering: Factitious disorder

Malingering

 

the feigning of sickness or certain disease symptoms. Malingering may be premeditated or pathological. Premeditated malingering is usually characterized by mercenary motives, including the obtaining of disability benefits or evasion of military service. Pathological malingering is brought on by a diseased state and is, in essence, a symptom of such diseases as hysteria.

Malingering should not be confused with autosuggestion, aggravation, or maiming. In cases of autosuggestion, an individual, usually a mentally disturbed person, is sincerely convinced that he has a severe somatic ailment, for example, cancer. Aggravation is an exaggeration of the symptoms of an existing disease. Maiming is an artificially produced injury or illness. Dissimulation is the premeditated suppression, concealment, or attenuation of a disease, for example, for the purpose of passing a medical upon applying for a job or for admission to an academic institution.

Under Soviet law, malingering is punishable criminally if it is used as a means of evading a regular call to active military service (art. 17 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for State Crimes; art. 80 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) or of evading the performance of military duties (art. 13 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for Military Crimes; art. 249 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Dissimulation is not punishable criminally but may entail specific legal consequences, for example, being fired from work.

References in periodicals archive ?
Current studies of malingering attempt to eschew the simple descriptive definition that has prevailed since it was codified in DSM III-R in 1980 (Broughton & Chesterman, 2001; Resnick & Knoll, 2008; Rogers, 1990a, 1990b, 2008a; Rogers, Bagby, & Dickens, 1992; Rogers, Salekin, Sewell, Goldstein, & Leonard, 1998; Rogers & Vitacco, 2002; Vitacco, 2008).
Although it is sometimes claimed to occur more often in public rather than private treatment settings, studies indicate that the actual prevalence of malingering is generally the same in both types of environments (Oldham & Skodol, 1991).
There was no significant difference between the detainees and convicts in terms of the frequency of malingering (chi-square=.
Some of these have also been criticized, but there have been recent advances in developing more reliable and valid measures of malingering.
There are numerous articles published on the incidence of malingering or likely malingering in persons with TBI.
Malingering as a label or description requires an inference regarding why you're doing so.
Matters like this are potentially criminal involving malingering employees and GPs.
And the blame falls squarely on the shoulders of a city government that's unwilling to take on the unions, tighten work rules and crack down on malingering.
Athletes are very fit people and certainly not malingering.
Malingering is defined as "the intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated physical or psychological symptoms, motivated by external incentives.
This conclusion is supported by the below average Type A behavior score of 39 recorded in CMP clients who were documented to be malingering (Bruno, 1991).
Only 18 percent of employers consider fraud and malingering to be a major contributor to workers' compensation costs; on average, employers estimate that 13 percent of claims are fraudulent or exaggerated.