Malingering


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Related to Malingering: Factitious disorder

Malingering

 

the feigning of sickness or certain disease symptoms. Malingering may be premeditated or pathological. Premeditated malingering is usually characterized by mercenary motives, including the obtaining of disability benefits or evasion of military service. Pathological malingering is brought on by a diseased state and is, in essence, a symptom of such diseases as hysteria.

Malingering should not be confused with autosuggestion, aggravation, or maiming. In cases of autosuggestion, an individual, usually a mentally disturbed person, is sincerely convinced that he has a severe somatic ailment, for example, cancer. Aggravation is an exaggeration of the symptoms of an existing disease. Maiming is an artificially produced injury or illness. Dissimulation is the premeditated suppression, concealment, or attenuation of a disease, for example, for the purpose of passing a medical upon applying for a job or for admission to an academic institution.

Under Soviet law, malingering is punishable criminally if it is used as a means of evading a regular call to active military service (art. 17 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for State Crimes; art. 80 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) or of evading the performance of military duties (art. 13 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for Military Crimes; art. 249 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Dissimulation is not punishable criminally but may entail specific legal consequences, for example, being fired from work.

References in periodicals archive ?
Detecting malingering and deception: Forensic distortion analysis (2nd ed.
On appeal, the Fifth Circuit first determined that the district court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to provide additional funding to permit his experts to review the secret recordings and to obtain a PET scan to detect malingering.
The three subgroups were labeled psychiatric (n = 90), malingering (n = 82), and educational deficit (n = 133).
These latter two concepts have to do with percentages of false positives and false negatives when various cut-off scores are used to determine malingering.
The following are base rates of probable malingering or symptom exaggeration in litigating or compensation-seeking cases by diagnosis as reported in an article written in 2002 by Mittenberg, Pattan, Canyock and Condit titled "Base Rates of Malingering and Symptom Exaggeration":
However, a growing literature suggests that the primary goal of the role-playing in FD can be understood more generally as the pursuit of emotional satisfaction or security (in contrast, the goal in malingering is external and often tangible; examples include disability payments and opioids).
Malingering is the "intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated physical or psychological symptoms" in pursuit of "external incentives" (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994, p.
Talk on the floors is that Joe is malingering, and his supervisor wants to know when she will receive a replacement staff member.
No examination technique objectively proves malingering (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, expert opinion).
the author's company), conducted a large study in 2004 examining employee safety from the dual perspective of safe job behavior and malingering after an injury.