Mandingo

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Mandingo

 

(1) The self-designation (also, Malinke, Man-ding, Wangara, Mandinga, Mali) of a group of peoples living in West Africa—in southern Gambia, northern and northeastern Republic of Guinea, western Mali, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau)—who speak the Malinke language. The group also includes the Koranko and Wasulunka in the Republic of Guinea, the Manyanka in Liberia, and several other groups.

(2) A name used primarily in French works to refer to a large group of closely related peoples: the Malinke proper, or Manding, Mandinga), the Bambara (Banmana), and the Dinla. All of them live along the upper course of the Senegal and Niger rivers; they constitute the main population of western Mali, northeastern Republic of Guinea, southern and eastern Senegal, and certain regions of the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Portuguese Guinea (Bissau). Total population, approximately 4.2 million (1970, estimate).

The Mandingo speak languages related to the northern group of Mande languages. Most of the Mandingo are Muslims; old animistic beliefs and ancestor worship are still practiced in some areas. The chief occupation is farming (millet, corn, rice, kidney beans); livestock raising (goats, sheep, donkeys, poultry) is poorly developed; the Diula engage in trade. The basic form of Mandingo rural village settlements is a group of mud huts surrounded by a mud wall. A kindred group, usually a large patriarchal family, lives in each village. Traditional social relations, such as secret societies, caste differences, and age-class systems, are still partially retained in many regions. However, all of these ancient institutions are gradually disappearing.

According to legend, the historical center of the formation of the Mandingo peoples was located along the upper reaches of the Niger River, where, in the eighth century, the political unification of the Mandingo was achieved with the founding of the Mali state.

REFERENCES

Sund’iatta: Mandingskii epos. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963. (Translated from French.)
Labouret, H. Les Manding et leur langue. Paris, 1934.
Labouret, H. Paysans d’Afrique occidentale. Paris [1941].

D. A. OL’DEROGGE


Mandingo

 

a group of languages that includes the Bambara, Malinke, and Diula dialects (Mande-tan group of the Mande languages). Malinke is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, Gambia, and Guinea (1.1 million people); Bambara is spoken in Senegal, Sudan, Guinea, and Upper Volta; Diula is spoken in the Republic of the Ivory Coast and Upper Volta. There are approximately 4.2 million speakers of Mandingo languages (1970, estimate).

Vowels are distinguished according to degree of opening (degree of aperture of the speech passage), for example, bere “stick,” bεrε “stone.” Other phonetic features include the presence of long vowels (ba “big,” “mother”), nasalized vowels (bo “to go out,” b5 “room”), and the labialized consonant gb. Suffixes are used in word formation and for inflection. Concept alienability and inalienability categories occur.

REFERENCES

Delafosse, M. La Langue mandingue et ses dialectes, vol. 1. Paris, 1929.
Delaforge. Grammaire et méthode Bambara, 6th ed. Paris, 1947.

I. N. TOPOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Il a particulierement tenu compte des informations de Jeli Baba Sissoko (vers 1922-2001), griot malinke erudit (originaire de la region de Kayes) qui pendant plus de quarante ans anima un programme hebdomadaire a Radio Mali, et de Daye Baba Diallo (vers 1922-1987), ne dans une famille peule de la region de Segou, qui aurait recueilli des traditions aupres de plusieurs maitres.
The Malinke Kingdom of Mali had its origins on the upper Niger River in the 11th century.
They burned tires, barricaded roads and destroyed the homes and businesses of Malinke neighbours.
Mamady Keita: ein Leben fur die Djembe; traditionelle Rhythmen der Malinke = Mamady Keita: a life for the Djembe; traditional rhythms of the Malinke = Mamady Keita: un vie pour le Djembe; rhythmes traditionels des Malinke.
But actually my past is my future, because by going back to Africa, every time I go, I'm awakening the ghosts of my history--the Soninke, (1) the Malinke, (2) my own mother, all the people who had invested in me.
Plans d'anciennes fortifications (tara) en pays Malinke, Journal de la Societe d'Africanistes 36(1): 29-44.
It has a long and complex history in which the Malinke kingdom of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries figures prominently.
However, the English name for the plant seems to have originated from Wolof or Malinke (according to Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary), both West African languages, or from the Congo (according to the Oxford English Dictionary), from which it came to English through Portuguese or Spanish.
Earlier this week, Denis Malinke, star of the Northern Ballet's production of Dracula, was entwined in the longest-ever string of garlic for Red Nose Day.
42) But as her character Malinke was rewarded for her unusual test of God by the town rabbi becoming her teacher, so too was Antin thus rewarded for her pursuit of knowledge.
Pour Gomez, le principe central qui orientait le gouvernement du Bondou etait le pragmatisme: des sa fondation par Maalik Si, celui-ci reposa sur un pacte social entre le clan regnant des Sisibe (les descendants de Maalik Si) et les diverses populations du royaume: Futanke (N'Guenar), Jaxanke, Soninke, Wolof et Malinke.
Second, it is Kourouma's conscious attempt to break up and distort classical French, an attempt to speak Malinke but write in French.