Capelin

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Related to Mallotus villosus: capelan, caplin

Capelin

 

(Mallotus villosus), a marine fish of the family Osmeridae. Body length, up to 22 cm; weight, up to 17 g. It inhabits the northern Atlantic Ocean and the Barents, White, and Kara seas. Its subspecies, the Pacific capelin Mallotus v. socialis, is found off Canada and in the Japan, Okhotsk, Bering, Chukchi, and Laptev seas. Capelins are pelagic fish, which move in shoals and feed on planktonic crustaceans. They reach sexual maturity in the second or third year. The female deposits from 6,000 to 40,000 eggs, which are benthic. Spawning occurs on sandy shores or on sandbars. Capelins are commercially valuable.

References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative analysis of the feeding ecology of two pelagic forage fishes: capelin Mallotus villosus and walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma.
Mots cles: baie d'Hudson, tendances des poissons proies, Uria lomvia, regime alimentaire des oisillons, Mallotus villosus, Boreogadus saida, Ammodytes spp.
Another elasmobranch (Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus), two osmerids (capelin, Mallotus villosus, and eulachon, Thaleichthys pacificus), three flatfish species (Dover sole, rex sole, and arrowtooth flounder), and one rockfish species (Pacific Ocean perch, Sebastes alutus) increased significantly in one or more areas and depth strata (Fig.