malnutrition

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malnutrition,

insufficiency of one or more nutritional elements necessary for health and well-being. Primary malnutrition is caused by the lack of essential foodstuffs—usually vitamins, minerals, or proteins—in the diet. In some areas of the world a poor economy or such regional conditions as drought or overpopulation cause a scarcity of certain foodstuffs, and a certain portion of the population is malnourished because essential nutrients are not available. However, even when food is plentiful, malnutrition can result from poor eating habits or poverty. Primary malnutrition, due to a lack of food or an inability to afford nutritious food, has been estimated to affect as many as a fourth of the world's children. Secondary malnutrition is caused by failure of absorption or utilization of nutrients (as in disease of the gastrointestinal tract, thyroid, kidney, liver, or pancreas), by increased nutritional requirements (growth, injuries, burns, surgical procedures, pregnancy, lactation, fever), or by excessive excretion (diarrhea).

malnutrition

[¦mal·nü′trish·ən]
(medicine)
Defective nutrition due to inadequate intake of nutrients or to their faulty digestion, assimilation, or metabolism.

malnutrition

lack of adequate nutrition resulting from insufficient food, unbalanced diet, or defective assimilation
References in periodicals archive ?
By setting this goal, Amway is significantly growing the number of malnourished children and families we aim to help," said Jeff Terry, global manager for corporate social responsibility at Amway.
An intervention was conducted on 20 malnourished children to determine the effect of soymilk and soybean flour on their nutritional status in comparison with 10 malnourished children without soybean food consumption.
It can be easier for families who need to continue providing and caring for other children, and it allows vulnerable, malnourished children to stay home and avoid the risk of getting hospital infections," she added.
The actual idea of feeding the malnourished children was implemented with the help of the Ministry of Agriculture Water and Forestry that provided the centre with a piece of land which will not only benefit the children of the centre, but the community as a whole.
The annual fund-raising event is organised worldwide by French schools in support of Action Against Hunger, a global non-profit organisation to help malnourished children and provide communities with access to safe water.
The charitable initiative was organised in collaboration with charity UNICEF with the goal of offering life-saving assistance to severely malnourished children in south and central Somalia.
Half a million sachets of food that will help malnourished children in Somalia left Heathrow on a commercial flight bound for Nairobi.
They compared these attributes to those of soy-based infant formulas and to the World Health Organization (WHO) F-75 starter formula for malnourished children.
The two men were working with Save the Children to set up a programme to help sick and malnourished children in the area.
The clinic serves a population of more than 30,000 people, and was providing treatment to more than 160 malnourished children, Mulder said.
He appealed for 159,410 tonnes of food worth $121 million, 11 tonnes of fortified blended food for malnourished children and women worth $8.
In the present study cytokine levels (both pro- and anti-inflammatory) were evaluated in protein energy malnourished children following nutritional rehabilitation with curd (Indian dahi) and leaf protein concentrate (LPC).