Maloideae


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Maloideae

 

(also Pomoideae or Pyroideae), a subfamily of trees and shrubs of the family Rosaceae. The calyxes, petals, and stamens are concresced at the base into a fleshy floral tubule. The gynoecium usually consists of two to five carpels that are concresced with the floral tubule to form the ovary, which is transformed into a fleshy, juicy fruit—the pome. There are about 25 genera, distributed mainly in the northern hemisphere. The Maloideae include the genera Pyrus (pear), Malus (apple), Cydonia (quince), Sorbus (mountain ash), and Eriobotrya (loquat). Sometimes the Maloideae are designated as the independent family Malaceae.

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Table 2: Relative enzyme activity in fruits of some Maloideae.
among some fern groups (Kato & Setoguchi, 1999) or in the Maloideae (Phipps et al.
Also present in the charcoal assemblage (albeit more sporadically) are a number of trees and shrubs associated with Mediterranean maquis woodland and scrub, such as pomegranate (Punica granatum), strawberry-tree (Arbutus), honeysuckle (Lonicera) and Maloideae (sub-family of the Rosaceae).
It is not possible to distinguish anatomically the different genera of Maloideae (Schweingruber 1990: 617).
The genus Crataegus belongs to the subfamily Maloideae in the Rosaceae family and it is estimated that they include 150 to 1200 species [8].
Phylogenetic insights into the Maloideae (Rosaceae) from chloroplast DNA.