Malvaceae


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Malvaceae

[mal′vās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of herbaceous dicotyledons in the order Malvales characterized by imbricate or contorted petals, mostly unilocular anthers, and minutely spiny, multiporate pollen.
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durian

durian

The very large football-sized spikey prehistoric-looking fruit can weight up to 10 lbs (4.5kg) and has been known to kill people falling from the tree. It’s said they fall mainly at night when people aren’t around. The tropical tree is very large- 75-150 ft tall (25-75m). They begin fruiting after 4-5 years and can bear fruit twice a year. People either love or hate the fruit. On one side, it can smell like rotten eggs because of it’s high sulfur content (which is great for youthful skin). This strong odor brings forth vile disgust in many people. But others love the fruit because it’s sweet dessert-like inner flesh looks and tastes like custard, flan or creme brulee, and is quite popular as an aphrodisiac. Very high in tryptophan, which makes people feel good and relax. Also high in protein, sugar, healthy fats and carbs for energy. Each durian has 5 segments which can break open by hand when ripe. Each segment has a soft mass of custard-like flesh with a nut inside. This can be eaten raw or dehydrated or mixed into a pudding in a blender. Nut is also edible. Durian fruit looks similar to Jackfruit on the outside, but isn’t related.

Malvaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including herbs, shrubs, or, rarely, small trees. The leaves are alternate, simple, or more or less lobed, entire and stipulate. The flowers, which are often large, regular, and usually bisexual, are solitary or in inflorescences. The calyx and the corolla are generally five-parted; in many species the epicalyx is developed. There are usually numerous stamens arranged in two rings. The fruit is generally a capsule or a schizocarp that breaks into two monospermous lobes. Many Malvaceae are covered with stellate hairs.

There are approximately 90 genera, embracing 1,600 species (according to other data, 2,350), distributed primarily in the tropics and subtropics. Eleven genera, with about 75 species, are found in the USSR. The Malvaceae include cotton—the most important industrial crop—and such bast-fiber plants as kenaf and flowering maple. The family contains many medicinal plants {Althaea, Malva) and ornamentals (Hibiscus, Lavatera).

REFERENCES

Il’in, M. M. “Mal’vovye — Malvaceae Juss.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 15. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
La familia Fabaceae nuevamente presento el mayor numero de especies (19 = 15,0%), seguida de Malvaceae (12 = 9,4%), Euphorbiaceae y Poaceae (10 = 7,9% cada una) y Rubiaceae (9 = 7,1%) (Figura 2b).
However, the list of Olive Highlands local endemics also includes a medium-sized Malvaceae, Abutilon fruticosum, and a large Tiliaceae, Grewia tenax, both of which can be found on the slopes and/or summit cliffs of Jebel Qitab.
Support for an expanded family concept of Malvaceae within a recircumscribed order Malvales: a combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL DNA sequences.
Estudio ecoanatomico de cuatro especies arboreas de Malvaceae en la Estacion Experimental Caparo, estado Barinas (Venezuela).
The presence of DSEs was observed in 33% of the analyzed plant species, belonging to the following families: Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Convolvulaceae, Labiatae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae and Verbenaceae (Figure 1 and Table 1).
Family Malvaceae and Euphorbiaceae possessed 4 taxa each, and were closely followed by Rubiaceae, Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae in dicot and family Zingiberaceae in monocot with 3 taxa in each case.
Dysdercus chaquensis: Rizzo, 1976: 42-45 [Argentina] [Host plants: "cotton", Malvaceae, "Palo borracho"]
Complementando los presentes datos y los publicados por Montesinos (2011), la familia que presenta la mayor riqueza floristica es Asteraceae con un total de 127 especies (52 generos), seguido de Poaceae con 46 especies (28 generos), Brassicaceae con 24 especies (13 generos), Malvaceae con 19 especies (4 generos), Caryophyllaceae con 18 especies (10 generos) y Cactaceae con 17 especies (9 generos).
Two species belong to each of the Caryophyllaceae, Cyperaceae, Malvaceae and Scrophulariaceae.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, comprising several hundred species native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions.
Belonging to the Malvaceae family, it was collected in Southern China but is now grown in many warm parts of the world, including the southern States of the USA, hence some of its common names.