mammography

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mammography,

diagnostic procedure that uses low-dose X rays to detect abnormalities in the breasts. Tomosynthesis, also known as 3D mammography, is form of mammography that combines X-ray images taken at multiple angles to produce a single three-dimensional image. The early diagnosis of breast cancerbreast cancer,
cancer that originates in the breast. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women (following lung cancer). Although the vast majority of the cases occur in women, some men also get breast cancer.
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 made possible by the routine use of mammography for screening women increases a woman's treatment alternatives and improves her chances of surviving the cancer. Mammograms can detect tumors too small to be noticed on physical examination. The recommended timing for a baseline first mammogram and subsequent mammograms varies depending on a woman's risk for breast cancer, but several medical advisory groups recommend beginning at age 40 or 45 for a woman with an average risk for breast cancer.

mammography

[ma′mäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiographic examination of the breast, performed with or without injection of the glandular ducts with a contrast medium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ray Anne Evans, executive director of the Breast Cancer Resource Center in Austin, said access to 3-D mammograms is especially important for women with dense breast tissue.
For every 1,000 mammograms carried out in Cyprus, 15 breast cancer cases are diagnosed, Kouzali told the Cyprus News Agency.
Mammograms detect smaller cancers long before they become palpable lumps identified by a woman or her clinician.
I would far prefer the women I know to have their first mammograms at age 40.
Brigitte Chemla, CEO of health insurance administrator Whealth International, added: "Often during October, free mammograms are offered but done badly.
The guidelines go against the advice of actual medical groups, such as the American Cancer Society, the American Medical Association and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, all of whom say women should get annual mammograms starting when they're 40.
More than 80 percent of the women indicated that it is important to have access to mammograms that offer better detection and reduce their chances of being called back for further testing.
One of the biggest misbeliefs that prevent women from getting mammograms is that if no one in their families has had breast cancer before, they're not at risk.
However, mammograms can still miss 15-20% of breast cancers that are simply not visible using this technique.
It's important to note that this study did not compare mammograms to no screening at all, as most other research on this topic has.
Dr Jalaa Taher, head of cancer control and prevention at the HAAD, told Gulf News that cultural sensitivities in the UAE made the whole process extremely distressing for women, especially since mammograms require intensive assessments for over ten minutes.
A woman should continue to have mammograms annually as long she is healthy.