mammoth

(redirected from Mammuthus)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Mammuthus: Mammuthus primigenius, Mammoths

mammoth,

name for several large prehistoric relatives (genus Mammuthus) of modern elephantselephant,
largest living land mammal, found in tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Elephants have massive bodies and heads, thick, pillarlike legs, and broad, short padded feet, with toes bearing heavy, hooflike nails. The gray skin is loose, tough, thick, and nearly hairless.
..... Click the link for more information.
 which ranged over Eurasia and North America in the Pleistocene epoch. The shoulder height of the Siberian, or woolly, mammoth, which roamed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, was about 9 ft (2.7 m), and that of the imperial mammoth of the North American Great Plains was up to 13 1-2 ft (4.1 m). Mammoths were covered by a long, shaggy, black outer coat and a dense, woolly undercoat. They had complex, many-ridged molar teeth; long, slender upward-curved tusks; and a long trunk. Ivory hunters have collected their tusks for centuries (and continue to collect them) in Siberia, where tens of thousands have been discovered; it is from these and from the drawings left by the Cro-Magnon people in the caves of S France that the mammoth's appearance is known. Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) people hunted mammoths, as is evidenced by remains of the animals found together with tools, and may have contributed to their extinction. The last population, on Wrangel Island, Russia, in the Arctic, survived until c.5,000 years ago. Mammoths are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Proboscidea, family Elephantidae.

mammoth

[′mam·əth]
(paleontology)
Any of various large Pleistocene elephants having long, upcurved tusks and a heavy coat of hair.

mammoth

any large extinct elephant of the Pleistocene genus Mammuthus (or Elephas), such as M. primigenius (woolly mammoth), having a hairy coat and long curved tusks
References in periodicals archive ?
The fossils suggest this dwarf mammoth was descended from one of the first mammoth species to arrive in Europe from Africa, Mammuthus rumanus or Mammuthus meridionalis.
Because the microfossils exhibit the typically bleached-white, mottled with black appearance found on many of the Mammuthus bones and the close horizontal and vertical proximity between the two localities, we consider the microfaunal remains to be temporally associated with the mammoth, and not a younger intrusive.
Based on the limited exposure of the skeleton, the investigators attributed the remains to that of a Mammuthus sp.
The Columbian Mammoth, Mammuthus columbi, from the Wasatch Mountains of Central Utah.
The fossils from this deposit are very diverse, including mammalian fossils, Mammuthus columbi and B.
Two mammoth fossils (presumably woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius) from northwestern Banks and southwestern Melville Islands, Northwest Territories, Canada, have been radiocarbon-dated to the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), at 21 000 and 22 000 [.
But Jensen can be certain it belongs to a Mammuthus columbi because he had it examined by experts earlier this year, namely the director of the state museum of paleontology, Bill Orr.
It is rather unfortunate that the two generic names, Mammut and Mammuthus, are so similar.
Mammuthus primigenius, the woolly mammoth, may be excluded based upon morphologic dissimilarity of its teeth to those from Iron Bridge, its more northern distribution, and inferred tundra habitat (Harington & Ashworth 1986).
Along with IGM 9562, associated fossil material includes the lower jaw, skull, and teeth of Equus conversidens as well as isolated molars of Mammuthus and Bison species; the latter suggesting a Rancholabrean NALMA for the faunal association (Montellano-Ballesteros, 2000; Reynoso and Montellano-Ballesteros, 2004).
En America Central septentrional se han registrado 3 familias de Proboscideos con 4 generos, Elephantidae con el genero Mammuthus (Laurito & Aguilar, 2006); Mammutidae con el genero Mammut (Lucas & Alvarado, 1991) y Gomphotheriidae con los generos Gomphotherium y Cuvieronious (Lucas & Alvarado, 2010).