mammoth

(redirected from Mammuthus)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Mammuthus: Mammuthus primigenius, Mammoths

mammoth,

name for several large prehistoric relatives (genus Mammuthus) of modern elephantselephant,
largest living land mammal, found in tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Elephants have massive bodies and heads, thick, pillarlike legs, and broad, short padded feet, with toes bearing heavy, hooflike nails. The gray skin is loose, tough, thick, and nearly hairless.
..... Click the link for more information.
 which ranged over Eurasia and North America in the Pleistocene epoch. The shoulder height of the Siberian, or woolly, mammoth, which roamed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, was about 9 ft (2.7 m), and that of the imperial mammoth of the North American Great Plains was up to 13 1-2 ft (4.1 m). Mammoths were covered by a long, shaggy, black outer coat and a dense, woolly undercoat. They had complex, many-ridged molar teeth; long, slender upward-curved tusks; and a long trunk. Ivory hunters have collected their tusks for centuries (and continue to collect them) in Siberia, where tens of thousands have been discovered; it is from these and from the drawings left by the Cro-Magnon people in the caves of S France that the mammoth's appearance is known. Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) people hunted mammoths, as is evidenced by remains of the animals found together with tools, and may have contributed to their extinction. The last population, on Wrangel Island, Russia, in the Arctic, survived until c.5,000 years ago. Mammoths are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Proboscidea, family Elephantidae.

mammoth

[′mam·əth]
(paleontology)
Any of various large Pleistocene elephants having long, upcurved tusks and a heavy coat of hair.

mammoth

any large extinct elephant of the Pleistocene genus Mammuthus (or Elephas), such as M. primigenius (woolly mammoth), having a hairy coat and long curved tusks
References in periodicals archive ?
The fossils suggest this dwarf mammoth was descended from one of the first mammoth species to arrive in Europe from Africa, Mammuthus rumanus or Mammuthus meridionalis.
Based on the limited exposure of the skeleton, the investigators attributed the remains to that of a Mammuthus sp.
At least one individual of Mammuthus columbi was represented by a mandible (UALP 2464) containing two last molars (M6).
The most abundant macrofossils are those of the Columbian mammoth, Mammuthus columbi, and the giant bison, Bison latifrons.
A census of the remains of Mammuthus jeffersoni has not previously been reported for Michigan.
Equus, Camelops, Capromeryx, Tetrameryx, and Mammuthus, all animals known or presumed to be chiefly grazers, most likely inhabited the grassland.
Mammuthus imperator is dentally more primitive than M.
The vertebrate remains from the Bailer site are clearly identifiable as Mammuthus jeffersoni on the basis of one intact third molar.
21 by 17 mm and a fragment of unerupted, developing crown-cap segment represent pieces of cheek tooth from a mammoth, Mammuthus, of indeterminate species.
17, 2389 21658 (AF) 6256 (AG) AH III GK-48 Rangifer tarandus, tibia 21659 (AF) 5229 (AG) AH It GK-38 Mammuthus Primigenius, rib 21660 (AF) 5161 (AG) AH le GK 32- Rangifer tarandus, metacarpal Ica 21661 (AF) OxA Radiocarbon age BP Used (mg) Yield (mg) %Yld 5707 (AG) 33 200 [+ or -] 800 720 29.
The vertebrate macrofossils are dominated by the large mammals Mammuthus columbi and Bison latifrons.
Remarks: this specimen extends the range of Mammuthus jeffersoni northward on the east side of the southern peninsula and is a county record (Fig.