Man Ray


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Ray, Man,

1890–1976, American photographer, painter, and sculptor, b. Philadelphia. Along with Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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, Ray was a founder of the DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 movement in New York and Paris. He is celebrated for his later surrealist paintings and photography. Among his inventions is the rayograph, a photograph obtained by the direct application of objects of varying opacity to a light-sensitive plate. His works include the painting The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself with Her Shadows and the enigmatic sculpture Gift (both: Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Ray also made several surrealist films, of which L'Étoile de Mer (1928) is the best known.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1963). See also studies by N. Baldwin (1988), M. Foresta (1988), R. Penrose (1989), and E. C. Garcia (2011); Man Ray Fautographe (CD-ROM, 1996).

Man Ray (b. Emmanuel Rudnitsky)

(1890–1976) painter, photographer; born in Philadelphia. A self-taught artist, he took odd jobs in advertising before leaving for Paris, where he was a commercial photographer (1921–39). Inspired by Dadaism, he used the Rayogram, a photo developed by sunlight, to combine painting and photography, defying the conventions of both. He taught photography in Hollywood (1939–50) before returning to Paris for good.
References in periodicals archive ?
Man Ray was born Emmanuel Radnitzky in 1890 in Philadelphia to Russian-Jewish immigrant parents who both worked in the rag trade.
BEIRUT: "Of course, there will always be those who look only at technique, who ask 'How,'" modernist painter and avant-garde photographer Man Ray once said, "while others of a more curious nature will ask 'Why.
Summary: Chelsea are on the lookout for a new assistant manager following the sudden departure of Carlo Ancelotti's right-hand man Ray Wilkins.
CHELSEA are seeking a new assistant manager following the sudden departure of Carlo Ancelotti's right-hand man Ray Wilkins.
The curator, Wendy Grossman, has spent many years tracking down numerous forgotten, overlooked or misattributed photos by Man Ray and other modernists as well as the objects themselves.
Yes," says 33-year-old stallion man Ray Moore, a tall figure kept lean by the hours of walking his charges round the arboretum splendour of a stud whose beauty would melt even the hardest urban heart.
The famous photographer Man Ray had an influence on the imagination of the Turkish artist.
The volume includes rarely-seen photographs of African art by Man Ray and his contemporaries including Alfred Steglietz and Harlem Renaissance artists James L.
This virtual sculpture, PET Study 2 (Lung Cancer): Man Ray/Picabia Imitating Balzac, is modeled on a photograph of painter Francis Picabia taken by Man Ray, In the original photograph, Picabia is believed to be mimicking the posture of Auguste Rodin's sculpture Monument to Balzac (1897-98).
Barnett actually had a bit of an experimental streak, stemming from his associations in the 1920s with some avant-garde artists such as Man Ray, Gertrude Stein, James Joyce and Ernest Hemingway.
ART students at Warwickshire College were treated to a talk by someone who grew up around some of the stars of the Surrealist movement including Picasso, Miro and Man Ray.