mana

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mana:

see animismanimism,
belief in personalized, supernatural beings (or souls) that often inhabit ordinary animals and objects, governing their existence. British anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Tylor argued in Primitive Culture
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; tabootaboo
or tabu
, prohibition of an act or the use of an object or word under pain of punishment. Originally a Polynesian word, taboo can apply to the sacred or consecrated or to the dangerous, unclean, and forbidden.
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.

Mana

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A general term for the mysterious spiritual power that is found throughout the universe, within humans, animals, and even inanimate objects. In general ethnological usage, the term is applied to the concept of spiritual power found in sacred things, places, people, and objects. Originally, it was specifically a Melanesian and Polynesian term, where it was thought to be a power derived from divine ancestors. Mana is not supernatural, although some view it as that, but natural. It is the means by which Witches, magicians, and healers are able to cure sickness, control forces, bless, and curse.

Eliade says that anyone possessing large quantities of mana in the Solomon Islands is regarded as saka, which is "burning." The idea of mystical heat belongs to magic generally and shamanism in particular. Many primitive tribes have a word meaning heat or burning to describe the energy of mana. When Witches and others do hands-on healing, the patient invariably feels great heat coming from the hands, to the point where sometimes red marks are left on the body despite the fact that there was no actual physical contact made.

The power of a male or female virgin in magic (and especially as a sacrifice, in novels and movies) comes from the belief that by sexual intercourse the mana is lost to the powers of the earth. This happens through both the emission of semen and by virtue of the heat generated in the union. A virgin, therefore, possesses far greater mana than a nonvirgin. The ancient Chibcha of Colombia would take a young boy at puberty for sacrifice to the sun god. But he would be released if he managed to have intercourse with a woman, for he would have lost his mana.

The power generated in Witchcraft rituals is referred to as mana, as is the power found in anything from crystals to trees.

Mana

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Mana is a general term for the mysterious spiritual power that is found throughout the universe in humans, animals, and even inanimate objects. In general ethnological usage, the term is applied to the concept of spiritual power found in sacred things, places, people and objects. Originally it was specifically a Melanesian and Polynesian term, where it was thought to be a power derived from divine ancestors. Mana is not supernatural. It is a natural force by which shamans, witches, magicians, and healers are able to cure sickness, control forces, bless, and even curse.

Mircea Eliade says that anyone possessing large quantities of mana in the Solomon Islands is regarded as saka, or “burning.” The idea of mystical heat belongs to magic generally and shamanism in particular. Many primitive tribes have a word meaning heat or burning to describe the energy of mana. When hands-on healing is done, the patient invariably feels great heat coming from the hands, to the point where sometimes there are red marks left on the body despite the fact that there was no actual physical contact made.

The power of a male or female virgin in magic (and especially as a sacrifice, in novels and movies) comes from the belief that by sexual intercourse the mana is lost to the powers of the earth; this through both the emission of semen and by virtue of the heart generated in the union. A virgin, therefore, possesses far greater mana than a non-virgin. The ancient Chibcha of Colombia would take a young boy at puberty for sacrifice to the sun god. But he would be released if he managed to have intercourse with a woman, for he would have lost his mana. The power generated in witchcraft rituals is referred to as mana, as is the power found in anything from crystals to trees. Another term used interchangeably with mana is prana, a Sanskrit word with the same meaning as mana. Also used are the Chinese Ch’i, or Q’i, and the Japanese Ki.

Sources:

Buckland, Raymond: The Witch Book: The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca and Neo-Paganism. Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 2002
Buckland, Raymond: Witchcraft From the Inside. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 1995
Eliade, Mircea: Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton University Press/Bollingen Series LXXVI, 1974
Leach, Maria (ed): Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology and Legend. New York: Harper & Row, 1984
Manifestation see Materialization

Mana

 

(in its upper course, the Pravaia Mana), a river in Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR; right tributary of the Enisei. Length, 475 km; basin area, 9,320 sq km. It rises in the Manskoe Belogor’e Mountains (Vostochnyi Saian). In its upper course it is a mountain river with many rapids; the lower course is winding. There are many stones in the riverbed. The Mana is fed primarily by snow and rain. The average water discharge 44 km from the mouth is 98 cu m per sec. The river freezes over by the first half of November and thaws in the second half of April or early May. The Mana is floatable, and it is navigable in its lower course. The Stolby Preserve is located near the mouth of the river on the right bank.


Mana

 

according to the beliefs of the peoples of Melanesia and Polynesia, a supernatural force that may be concentrated in persons, animals, various objects, and spirits. Simitar forces are known among many tribes and peoples (for example, the orenda of the Iroquois of North America and the yeki among the Pongwe in Africa).

mana

Anthropol
1. (in Polynesia, Melanesia, etc.) a concept of a life force, believed to be seated in the head, and associated with high social status and ritual power
2. any power achieved by ritual means; prestige; authority